PSYCH OpenIR  > 健康与遗传心理学研究室
大学生浪漫依恋风格对关系质量的影响—— 社交网络监控的调节作用
其他题名The Influences of Romantic Attachment to Relationship Quality of College Dating Couples: Moderate Effect of Surveillance on Social Network Sites
王可欣
学位类型硕士
导师周明洁
2015-05
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点北京
学位专业心理学
关键词浪漫依恋 关系质量 社交网络监控 调节效应
摘要成年早期恋爱经历对个体各方面的发展和完善有重要意义。 浪漫依恋是恋爱关系研究中最核心的理论框架。当前社交网络在大学生中使用普遍,社交网络行为对大学生的恋情产生广泛的影响, 既往研究提示监控行为可能会对恋情产生积极的影响。 本研究提出监控在浪漫依恋对大学生情侣关系质量影响过程中可能的调节作用, 并从分别从个体内、 情侣相互作用以及情侣匹配的角度探讨这个问题。 
研究一:研究目的:从个体层面探讨浪漫依恋对关系质量的影响:监控的调节作用。研究对象:选取来自北京、河北、上海和河南高校正处于或有过恋爱经历的个体320人。研究方法:研究工具:亲密关系体验量表(ECR)、电子监控量表(IES)和关系质量量表(PRQC)。统计方法:回归分析。结果:(1)焦虑和回避对关系质量都有负向的预测作用。(2)社交网络监控对关系质量存在正向预测。(3)社交网络监控调节焦虑和回避对关系质量的影响。
研究二:研究目的:探讨浪漫依恋在情侣间的相互影响:监控的调节作用。研究对象:选取恋爱中的大学生情侣250对。研究方法:研究工具:同研究一。统计方法:结构方程模型。结果:(1)男生女生焦虑和回避对伴侣都存在负向的对象效应。(2)男生的社交网络监控调节女生回避对男生关系质量的影响。
研究三:研究目的:探讨情侣浪漫依恋匹配对关系质量的影响:监控的调节作用。研究对象:选取恋爱中的大学生情侣313对。研究方法:同研究一。统计方法:二次多元回归与响应面分析。结果:(1)无论是焦虑还是回避,双方匹配一致且低时关系质量好;一致且高时,关系质量差。另外在回避维度,双方互补时关系质量也较好。(2)社交网络监控在回避匹配影响关系质量的过程中起到调节作用。
结论:(1)个体的焦虑和回避对自己和对象感知到的关系质量都有显著的负向预测作用。从匹配的角度来说,无论是焦虑还是回避,双方一致且低时关系质量好,一致且高时关系差;回避维度,双方互补时关系质量也较好。(2)监控对关系质量存在正向预测。(3)社交网络监控在回避影响关系质量的过程中有调节作用,高监控组较之低监控组,回避对个体、对对象和不良匹配的负向影响小。
其他摘要Intimate relationship experiences are of great importance to early adulthood. In the area of intimate relationship study, romantic attachment style is the primary theoretical framework. Meanwhile, the use of Social Networking Sites is prevailing among college students. And
surveillance is found to have potential positive effect on relationship quality. The present study aims to explore the influences of romantic attachment style on relationship quality, and the moderate effect of surveillance during this process from individual and matching level.
Study 1: Participants:  320  college students who  were  in a relationship or had been in a relationship were recruited, they were from colleges in Beijing, Shanghai, Hebei and Henan Province. Method: Experiences of Close Relationship Scale, Interpersonal Electronic Surveillance Scale, and Perceived Relationship Quality Component Scale were administered to the participants to measure their romantic attachment style, surveillance behaviours and relationship quality. Regression analysis is adopted to analyse  the data. Results: (1)  The two dimensions of romantic attachment, both anxiety and avoidance had negative effects on relationship quality.(2) Surveillance on Social Networking Sites had positive effect on relationship quality. (3) Surveillance on Social Networking Sites had moderate effect during the process of romantic attachment style (both anxiety and avoidance) to relationship quality.
Study 2: Participants: 250 college couples were recruited. Method: The questionnaire  was  the  same as we used in study 1. Structural Equation Model was adopted to analyse the data. Results: (1) for both male and female students, both anxiety and avoidance dimensions had negative effects on the partner’s relationship quality. (2) Surveillance on Social Networking Sites had positive effect on one’s  relationship quality. (3)  Male students’ surveillance on Social Networking Sites had moderate effect during the process of female students’ avoidance predicting relationship quality of male students.
Study 3: Participants: 313 college couples were recruited. Method: The questionnaire  was  the  same as we used in study 1. Polynomial Regression Model with Response Surface method was adopted to analyse and present the results. Results: (1) For both anxiety and avoidance, the congruence effects were significant. The relationship quality was higher when a couple’s anxiety (avoidance) were  both low compared with when they were both high. In addition, the relationship was high when one was high on avoidance while the  other  was low on avoidance. (2) Surveillance on Social Networking Sites had moderate effect during the process of matching of
avoidance predicting relationship quality.
Conclusion: (1) On individual level, both anxiety and avoidance have negative effects  on the self’s and the partner’s perceived relationship quality. On a matching level, couple perceive higher relationship when they are both low on anxiety (avoidance) compared with when they are high. Additionally,  couple perceive  high level of relationship quality when one is low on avoidance while the other is high. (2) Surveillance on Social Networking Site have moderate effect during the process of avoidance predicting relationship quality. Compared with low surveillance group, high surveillance group perceive higher relationship quality both on individual level and the matching level. 
学科领域医学心理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19712
专题健康与遗传心理学研究室
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
王可欣. 大学生浪漫依恋风格对关系质量的影响—— 社交网络监控的调节作用[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2015.
条目包含的文件
文件名称/大小 文献类型 版本类型 开放类型 使用许可
王可欣-硕士学位论文.pdf(2056KB)学位论文 限制开放CC BY-NC-SA浏览 请求全文
个性服务
推荐该条目
保存到收藏夹
查看访问统计
导出为Endnote文件
谷歌学术
谷歌学术中相似的文章
[王可欣]的文章
百度学术
百度学术中相似的文章
[王可欣]的文章
必应学术
必应学术中相似的文章
[王可欣]的文章
相关权益政策
暂无数据
收藏/分享
文件名: 王可欣-硕士学位论文.pdf
格式: Adobe PDF
所有评论 (0)
暂无评论
 

除非特别说明,本系统中所有内容都受版权保护,并保留所有权利。