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Alternative TitleThe grammatical planning scope in Chinese sentence production
Thesis Advisor杨玉芳
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline心理学
Keyword口语句子产生 语法编码 计划单元 功能短语 词汇选择
Other Abstract The grammatical planning scope is an important issue in the speech production area. It has been investigated for many years but is still controversial. Allum and Wheeldon (2007) proposed a noval definition, the functional phrase, as the grammatical planning scope. However, the evidence they provided still needs to be further tested. This study investigate the grammatical planning scope and test the functional phrase hypothesis by seven picture naming experiments, which was divided into three parts.
The Part 1 tested the reliability of the main evidence supporting the functional phrase hypothesis by three picture naming experiments. Experiment 1 found that the sentence latencies vary with the length of the sentence-initial functional phrase, indicating that the main evidence of the functional phrase hypothesis provided by Allum and Wheeldon (2007) can be extanded to Chinese. This result provided foundation for the upcoming experiments with Chinese materials and participants. The Experiments 2 and 3 excluded the syntactic and the visual processing respectively as the main source of the effect observed in Experiment 1. As a result, that effect was considered to be due to lexical retrieval. The Part 2 took two picture-word interference experiments to test whether the “lexical retrieval” mentioned above refers to the lexical selection. The result showed that there was no semantic interference effect in sentence latencies on the second noun. This result indicates that the grammatical planning (lexical selection) scope is the first noun rather than the first functional phrase. The Part 3 took two blocked-cyclic naming experiments with ERPs and the results confirmed that the lexical selection is radically incremental. The results of this study indicate that the lexical selection in speech production is radically incremental, and that the order and level of lexical processing is decided by the word order.
This study provides foundation for the researches of the time course and independency of the words in multi-word production. The findings of this study also provide implication for the speech production models, especially for the relationship between word order and lexical selection. Finally, this study provides a successful case of taking ERPs in speech sentence production area.
Subject Area基础心理学
Document Type学位论文
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
赵黎明. 汉语口语句子产生中语法编码的计划单元[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2013.
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