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速度反馈对驾驶者速度评估准确性以及超速行为的影响——电动自行车驾驶的现场研究
Alternative TitleThe influence of speed feedback training on speed estimation and speeding behaviors: an electric bicycle field study
姜锐
Subtype硕士
Thesis Advisor吴昌旭 ; 赵国朕 ; 张警吁
2014
Degree Grantor中国科学院大学
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline应用心理学
Keyword速度反馈 速度感知 速度估计 超速驾驶 电动自行车
Abstract    为了节省成本,大多数的电动自行车生产时没有预装速度计,因此驾驶者的速度选择和速度控制有赖于对速度的感知,尤其是速度评估的准确性。本研究通过实验一考察了速度反馈对速度评估准确性的影响,结果表明,经过十五分钟的速度反馈训练,驾驶者的速度感知准确性获得了显著提高。不准确的速度感知往往容易导致超速,从而引发事故,研究己经发现超速行为是事故的主要原因之一。在实验二中,通过速度反馈提高速度评估准确性之后,研究者试图进一步了解驾驶者超速行为的变化。有趣的发现是,男性驾驶者在经过速度反馈训练后超速行为有明显减少,而女性则没有变化。论文也对本研究可能有的应用也进行了深入讨论。
Other Abstract    This work described an on-road study to examine the effects of speedometer  feedback training on speed estimation, speeding behaviors of electric bike riders.  While speed perception is important for e-bike riders, the accuracy of speed perception  is obscure. Therefore, a short period speedometer feedback training procedure was
developed and tested in Experiment 1 .By the combined use of speed sensor and  self-report technique, the speed estimation accuracy was tested in a natural riding  scenario on 24 subjects before and after they were randomly allocated into a control  group and a training group. It was found that the training group showed significantly
more accurate speed estimations as compared with control group. To further  understanding the influence of more accurate speed perception after speed feedback  training on riders' speeding behaviors, Experiment 2 was carried out with 22 subjects  half of whom were males. Only male subjects were found a reduction in speeding  behaviors, which intrigued us. The theoretical and practical implications are discussed  in the thesis.
Subject Area工程心理学
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19799
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Affiliation中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
姜锐. 速度反馈对驾驶者速度评估准确性以及超速行为的影响——电动自行车驾驶的现场研究[D]. 北京. 中国科学院大学,2014.
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