|其他题名||The Development of Self-concept of Migrant Children Aged From 9 to 18 Years Old and Its Relationship with Intelligence|
|导师||施建农 ; 张兴利|
|关键词||流动儿童 超常儿童 儿童发展 自我概念 大鱼小池塘效应|
|其他摘要||With the rapid urbanization in China during the last three decades, a large number of rural people move to relatively well developed large or big cities to seek work opportunities. The people who moved from rural areas to work in big cities have been named as ‘migrant workers’ and their children as ‘migrant children’. The life of such a huge number (more than 60 millions) of migrant children is vital to the country’s future and the issues about living and learning of them under dramatically changing and sometimes unstable environment for them attracted eyes of the public, as well as the attention of the researchers.|
Self-concept is one of the most important psychological aspects concerned in developmental psychology and it is also important for the development of migrant children. As a part of National Key Technologies R&D Program (2012BAI36B02) ‘the psychological development of children in the process of social changes, assessment system and examples of psychological counseling’ conducted by the research center of supernormal of Institute of Psychology, CAS, the self-concept of migrant children were measured and compared with non-migrant children in the present study. A total amount of 14, 245 children aged from 9- to 18-year-old ( 7,267 migrant, 6,978 ordinary) from regions of North China, Central China, East China, Northeast China, Northwest China, South China, and Southwest China were measured with Song-Hattie Self-Concept Scale for self-concept and Raven Matrices Test (Chinese version) for intelligence. This study includes three parts. Part 1 examined the developmental trends of self-concept of migrant children from 9- to 18-years old. Part 2 explored the relationship between academic self-concept and intelligence of migrant children. Meanwhile, the academic self-concept of highly intelligent children was compared with that of intellectually average children. Study 3 focused on the education environment effect on the self-concept development of highly intelligentmigrant children. The findings of the study indicated that: (1) Generally speaking, the self-concept of migrant children and ordinary children aged 9-18 years old decrease from 13 years old, and ordinary children’s self-concept scores are higher than migrant children. (2) the academic self-concept of migrant children aged 9-18 years old is closely correlated to intelligence, the higher the level of intelligence, the higher of their total self-concept and academic self-concept. (3) The academic self-concept of gifted children from gifted education program is lower than that of gifted children from regular program. This finding supports the big fish in a little pond effect.
In summary, the present study explored the development of self-concept of migrant children in national region and shed light on the issue of the relationship between intelligence and academic self-concept of migrant children from a developmental perspective. It is also confirmed that gifted migrant children from gifted program had lower academic self-concept than that of gifted migrant children from regular program in the present study. The findings of the present are referential both to theoretical study on the development of migrant children and to educational practice for them.
|李晓燕. 9-18 岁流动儿童自我概念的发展及其与智力的关系[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2015.|