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Combined Cognitive Training vs. Memory Strategy Training in Healthy Older Adults
Li, Bing1,2; Zhu, Xinyi1,3; Hou, Jianhua1,3; Chen, Tingji1,4; Wang, Pengyun1; Li, Juan1,5
AbstractAs mnemonic utilization deficit in older adults associates with age-related decline in executive function, we hypothesized that memory strategy training combined with executive function training might induce larger training effect in memory and broader training effects in non-memory outcomes than pure memory training. The present study compared the effects of combined cognitive training (executive function training plus memory strategy training) to pure memory strategy training. Forty healthy older adults were randomly assigned to a combined cognitive training group or a memory strategy training group. A control group receiving no training was also included. Combined cognitive training group received 16 sessions of training (eight sessions of executive function training followed by eight sessions of memory strategy training). Memory training group received 16 sessions of memory strategy training. The results partly supported our hypothesis in that indeed improved performance on executive function was only found in combined training group, whereas memory performance increased less in combined training compared to memory strategy group. Results suggest that combined cognitive training may be less efficient than pure memory training in memory outcomes, though the influences from insufficient training time and less closeness between trained executive function and working memory could not be excluded; however it has broader training effects in non-memory outcomes. Clinical Trial Registration:, identifier ChiCTR-OON-16007793.
KeywordCognitive Training Memory Strategy Training Executive Function Training Older Adults Mnemonic Utilization
Indexed BySSCI
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31070916 ; CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Team(Y2CX131003) ; National Science and Technology Pillar Program of China(2009BAI77B03) ; Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(KLMH2014ZG03) ; 31271108 ; 31470998)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000377254500001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
Citation statistics
Cited Times:9[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Ctr Aging Psychol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Tech Univ Carolo Wilhelmina Braunschweig, Dept English, Fac Humanities & Educ Sci, D-38106 Braunschweig, Germany
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Univ Tampere, Sch Social Sci & Humanities, Human Informat Proc Lab, FIN-33101 Tampere, Finland
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Biophys, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100080, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Bing,Zhu, Xinyi,Hou, Jianhua,et al. Combined Cognitive Training vs. Memory Strategy Training in Healthy Older Adults[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2016,7(0):834.
APA Li, Bing,Zhu, Xinyi,Hou, Jianhua,Chen, Tingji,Wang, Pengyun,&Li, Juan.(2016).Combined Cognitive Training vs. Memory Strategy Training in Healthy Older Adults.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,7(0),834.
MLA Li, Bing,et al."Combined Cognitive Training vs. Memory Strategy Training in Healthy Older Adults".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7.0(2016):834.
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