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A Scanpath Analysis of the Risky Decision-Making Process
Zhou, Lei1,2; Zhang, Yang-Yang1,2; Wang, Zuo-Jun3; Rao, Li-Lin1; Wang, Wei4; Li, Shu1; Li, Xingshan1; Liang, Zhu-Yuan1
2016-04-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING
ISSN0894-3257
SubtypeArticle
Volume29Issue:2-3Pages:169-182
AbstractIn the field of eye tracking, scanpath analysis can reflect the sequential and temporal properties of the cognitive process. However, the advantages of scanpath analysis have not yet been utilized in the study of risky decision making. We explored the methodological applicability of scanpath analysis to test models of risky decision making by analyzing published data from the eye-tracking studies of Su et al. (2013); Wang and Li (2012), and Sun, Rao, Zhou, and Li (2014). These studies used a proportion task, an outcome-matched presentation condition, and a multiple-play condition as the baseline for comparison with information search and processing in the risky decision-making condition. We found that (i) the similarity scores of the intra-conditions were significantly higher than those of the inter-condition; (ii) the scanpaths of the two conditions were separable; and (iii) based on an inspection of typical trials, the patterns of the scanpaths differed between the two conditions. These findings suggest that scanpath analysis is reliable and valid for examining the process of risky decision making. In line with the findings of the three original studies, our results indicate that risky decision making is unlikely to be based on a weighting and summing process, as hypothesized by the family of expectation models. The findings highlight a new methodological direction for research on decision making. Copyright (c) 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
KeywordRisky Choice Scanpath Analysis Similarity Score Typical Trial Eye Tracking Process Testing
DOI10.1002/bdm.1943
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(2011CB711000) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(71071150 ; Foundation for the Supervisor of Beijing Excellent Doctoral Dissertation(20138012501) ; Key Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(KJZD-EW-L04) ; 71471171 ; 70871110 ; 31170976 ; 31070904 ; 31200791)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Applied
WOS IDWOS:000373309700006
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordEYE-MOVEMENTS ; PROSPECT-THEORY ; PROCESS MODELS ; VISUAL FIXATIONS ; SCENE PERCEPTION ; EXPECTED VALUE ; MULTIPLE-PLAY ; SINGLE-PLAY ; TRADE-OFFS ; CHOICE
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19954
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Ningbo Univ, Dept Psychol, Ningbo 315211, Zhejiang, Peoples R China
4.Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Brigham & Womens Hosp, Dept Med, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou, Lei,Zhang, Yang-Yang,Wang, Zuo-Jun,et al. A Scanpath Analysis of the Risky Decision-Making Process[J]. JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING,2016,29(2-3):169-182.
APA Zhou, Lei.,Zhang, Yang-Yang.,Wang, Zuo-Jun.,Rao, Li-Lin.,Wang, Wei.,...&Liang, Zhu-Yuan.(2016).A Scanpath Analysis of the Risky Decision-Making Process.JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING,29(2-3),169-182.
MLA Zhou, Lei,et al."A Scanpath Analysis of the Risky Decision-Making Process".JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL DECISION MAKING 29.2-3(2016):169-182.
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