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Five-Year-Old Preschoolers' Sharing is Influenced by Anticipated Reciprocation
Xiong, Mingrui1,2; Shi, Jiannong1,3,4; Wu, Zhen5; Zhang, Zhen1
2016-03-31
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
SubtypeArticle
Volume7Issue:0Pages:1-10
AbstractWhether children share in anticipation of future benefits returned by a partner is an interesting question. In this study, 5-year-old children and an adult partner played a sharing game, in which children donated first and the partner donated afterward. In Experiment 1, the partner's resources were more attractive than the child's. In the reciprocal condition, the child was told that s/he would be a recipient when the partner played as a donor. In the non-reciprocal condition, however, the child was told that an anonymous child would be the recipient when the partner donated. Results showed that children shared more with the partner when they knew that they would be a recipient later. In Experiment 2, the child was always the recipient when the partner donated, but the partner's resources were more desirable than the child's in the high-value condition, and less desirable in the low-value condition. We found that children were more generous when the partner's resources were valued higher. These findings demonstrate that 5-year-old preschoolers' sharing choices take into account the anticipated reciprocity of the recipient, suggesting either self-interested tactical sharing or direct reciprocity in advance of receiving. Specifically, they adjust their sharing behavior depending on whether a partner has the potential to reciprocate, and whether it is worth sharing relative to the value of the payback.
KeywordProsociality Strategic Behavior Preschooler Direct Reciprocity Self-interest
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00460
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31000469) ; National Key Technologies R D Program(2012BAI36B02) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KSCX2-EW-J-8)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000373267700001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordYOUNG-CHILDREN ; CONTINGENT RECIPROCITY ; PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR ; DICTATOR GAME ; ALTRUISM ; FAIRNESS ; COOPERATION ; REPUTATION ; CHIMPANZEES ; EVOLUTION
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19957
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Aalborg Univ, Dept Learning & Philosophy, Aalborg, Denmark
4.Chengdu Normal Univ, Chengdu, Peoples R China
5.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Psychol, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xiong, Mingrui,Shi, Jiannong,Wu, Zhen,et al. Five-Year-Old Preschoolers' Sharing is Influenced by Anticipated Reciprocation[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2016,7(0):1-10.
APA Xiong, Mingrui,Shi, Jiannong,Wu, Zhen,&Zhang, Zhen.(2016).Five-Year-Old Preschoolers' Sharing is Influenced by Anticipated Reciprocation.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,7(0),1-10.
MLA Xiong, Mingrui,et al."Five-Year-Old Preschoolers' Sharing is Influenced by Anticipated Reciprocation".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7.0(2016):1-10.
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