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In search of the "Aha!' experience: Elucidating the emotionality of insight problem-solving
Shen, Wangbing1,2,3; Yuan, Yuan3; Liu, Chang3; Luo, Jing4,5
2016-05-01
Source PublicationBRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0007-1269
SubtypeArticle
Volume107Issue:2Pages:281-298
AbstractAlthough the experience of insight has long been noted, the essence of the Aha!' experience, reflecting a sudden change in the brain that accompanies an insight solution, remains largely unknown. This work aimed to uncover the mystery of the Aha!' experience through three studies. In Study 1, participants were required to solve a set of verbal insight problems and then subjectively report their affective experience when solving the problem. The participants were found to have experienced many types of emotions, with happiness the most frequently reported one. Multidimensional scaling was employed in Study 2 to simplify the dimensions of these reported emotions. The results showed that these different types of emotions could be clearly placed in two-dimensional space and that components constituting the Aha!' experience mainly reflected positive emotion and approached cognition. To validate previous findings, in Study 3, participants were asked to select the most appropriate emotional item describing their feelings at the time the problem was solved. The results of this study replicated the multidimensional construct consisting of approached cognition and positive affect. These three studies provide the first direct evidence of the essence of the Aha!' experience. The potential significance of the findings was discussed.
KeywordAffective Experience Insight Problem-solving Creative Cognition Happiness
DOI10.1111/bjop.12142
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31271079 ; fourth high-level personnel training project in Jiangsu Province ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(2014B15314) ; 31200776)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000373906500004
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordVERBAL PROBLEMS ; ACTIVATION ; COGNITION ; JUDGMENT ; MEMORY
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19964
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.Hohai Univ, Sch Publ Adm, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Hohai Univ, Inst Appl Psychol, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, 122 Ninghai Rd, Nanjing 210097, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
4.Capital Normal Univ, Beijing Key Lab Learning & Cognit, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shen, Wangbing,Yuan, Yuan,Liu, Chang,et al. In search of the "Aha!' experience: Elucidating the emotionality of insight problem-solving[J]. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,2016,107(2):281-298.
APA Shen, Wangbing,Yuan, Yuan,Liu, Chang,&Luo, Jing.(2016).In search of the "Aha!' experience: Elucidating the emotionality of insight problem-solving.BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,107(2),281-298.
MLA Shen, Wangbing,et al."In search of the "Aha!' experience: Elucidating the emotionality of insight problem-solving".BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 107.2(2016):281-298.
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