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In search of the "Aha!' experience: Elucidating the emotionality of insight problem-solving
Shen, Wangbing1,2,3; Yuan, Yuan3; Liu, Chang3; Luo, Jing4,5
2016-05-01
发表期刊BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN0007-1269
文章类型Article
卷号107期号:2页码:281-298
摘要Although the experience of insight has long been noted, the essence of the Aha!' experience, reflecting a sudden change in the brain that accompanies an insight solution, remains largely unknown. This work aimed to uncover the mystery of the Aha!' experience through three studies. In Study 1, participants were required to solve a set of verbal insight problems and then subjectively report their affective experience when solving the problem. The participants were found to have experienced many types of emotions, with happiness the most frequently reported one. Multidimensional scaling was employed in Study 2 to simplify the dimensions of these reported emotions. The results showed that these different types of emotions could be clearly placed in two-dimensional space and that components constituting the Aha!' experience mainly reflected positive emotion and approached cognition. To validate previous findings, in Study 3, participants were asked to select the most appropriate emotional item describing their feelings at the time the problem was solved. The results of this study replicated the multidimensional construct consisting of approached cognition and positive affect. These three studies provide the first direct evidence of the essence of the Aha!' experience. The potential significance of the findings was discussed.
关键词Affective Experience Insight Problem-solving Creative Cognition Happiness
DOI10.1111/bjop.12142
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31271079 ; fourth high-level personnel training project in Jiangsu Province ; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities(2014B15314) ; 31200776)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000373906500004
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]VERBAL PROBLEMS ; ACTIVATION ; COGNITION ; JUDGMENT ; MEMORY
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19964
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
作者单位1.Hohai Univ, Sch Publ Adm, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Hohai Univ, Inst Appl Psychol, Nanjing, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
3.Nanjing Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, 122 Ninghai Rd, Nanjing 210097, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
4.Capital Normal Univ, Beijing Key Lab Learning & Cognit, Beijing 100191, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
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Shen, Wangbing,Yuan, Yuan,Liu, Chang,et al. In search of the "Aha!' experience: Elucidating the emotionality of insight problem-solving[J]. BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,2016,107(2):281-298.
APA Shen, Wangbing,Yuan, Yuan,Liu, Chang,&Luo, Jing.(2016).In search of the "Aha!' experience: Elucidating the emotionality of insight problem-solving.BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,107(2),281-298.
MLA Shen, Wangbing,et al."In search of the "Aha!' experience: Elucidating the emotionality of insight problem-solving".BRITISH JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 107.2(2016):281-298.
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