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Male = Science, Female = Humanities: Both Implicit and Explicit Gender-Science Stereotypes Are Heritable
Cai, Huajian1; Luo, Yu L. L.1; Shi, Yuanyuan1,2; Liu, Yunzhi1,2; Yang, Ziyan1,2
2016-07-01
Source PublicationSOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PERSONALITY SCIENCE
ISSN1948-5506
SubtypeArticle
Volume7Issue:5Pages:412-419
AbstractThe gender-science stereotype of associating males, rather than females, with science is pervasive and influential. The present study challenged the common-sense assumption that it is environment that leads to the gender-science stereotype by conducting a genetically informative study. A total of 304 pairs of twins (152 monozygotic [MZ] and 152 dizygotic [DZ]) completed explicit and implicit gender-science stereotype measures twice across 2 years. Results showed that both explicit and implicit gender-science stereotypes were heritable, with significant nonshared environmental influence. Moreover, genetic and nonshared environmental factors influencing the explicit gender-science stereotype also affected the implicit gender-science stereotype to some extent. These findings have important implications for understanding the nature of the gender-science stereotype and implicit social cognition.
KeywordStereotype Gender-science Stereotype Behavior Genetics Twins Implicit Social Cognition
DOI10.1177/1948550615627367
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31300871 ; 31571148)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Social
WOS IDWOS:000376684400002
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordASSOCIATION TEST ; SELF-ESTEEM ; ATTITUDES ; PERFORMANCE ; MATHEMATICS ; ENVIRONMENT ; COGNITION ; CHILDREN ; THREAT ; TWIN
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/19996
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Cai, Huajian,Luo, Yu L. L.,Shi, Yuanyuan,et al. Male = Science, Female = Humanities: Both Implicit and Explicit Gender-Science Stereotypes Are Heritable[J]. SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PERSONALITY SCIENCE,2016,7(5):412-419.
APA Cai, Huajian,Luo, Yu L. L.,Shi, Yuanyuan,Liu, Yunzhi,&Yang, Ziyan.(2016).Male = Science, Female = Humanities: Both Implicit and Explicit Gender-Science Stereotypes Are Heritable.SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PERSONALITY SCIENCE,7(5),412-419.
MLA Cai, Huajian,et al."Male = Science, Female = Humanities: Both Implicit and Explicit Gender-Science Stereotypes Are Heritable".SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PERSONALITY SCIENCE 7.5(2016):412-419.
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