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Stronger cortisol response to acute psychosocial stress is correlated with larger decrease in temporal sensitivity
Yao, Zhuxi1,2; Zhang, Liang1; Jiang, Caihong3; Zhang, Kan1; Wu, Jianhui1
2016-05-26
Source PublicationPEERJ
ISSN2167-8359
SubtypeArticle
Volume4Issue:0Pages:e2061
AbstractAs a fundamental dimension of cognition and behavior, time perception has been found to be sensitive to stress. However, how one's time perception changes with responses to stress is still unclear. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between stress-induced cortisol response and time perception. A group of 40 healthy young male adults performed a temporal bisection task before and after the Trier Social Stress Test for a stress condition. A control group of 27 male participants completed the same time perception task without stress induction. In the temporal bisection task, participants were first presented with short (400 ms) and long (1,600 ms) visual signals serving as anchor durations and then required to judge whether the intermediate probe durations were more similar to the short or the long anchor. The bisection point and Weber ratio were calculated land indicated the subjective duration and the temporal sensitivity, respectively. Data showed that participants in the stress group had significantly increased salivary cortisol levels, heart rates, and negative affects compared with those in the control group. The results did not show significant group differences for the subjective duration or the temporal sensitivity. However, the results showed a significant positive correlation between stress-induced cortisol responses and decreases in temporal sensitivity indexed by increases in the Weber ratio. This correlation was not observed for the control group. Changes in subjective duration indexed by temporal bisection points were not correlated with cortisol reactivity in both the groups. In conclusion, the present study found that although no significant change was observed in time perception after an acute stressor on the group-level comparison (i.e. stress vs. nonstress group), individuals with stronger cortisol responses to stress showed a larger decrease in temporal sensitivity. This finding may provide insight into the understanding of the relationship between stress and temporal sensitivity.
KeywordCortisol Acute Stress Temporal Bisection Temporal Sensitivity The Trier Social Stress Test Time Perception
DOI10.7717/peerj.2061
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31100734 ; 81371203 ; 91124003)
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000377681100002
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS KeywordHPA AXIS RESPONSES ; TIME PERCEPTION ; PHYSIOLOGICAL-RESPONSE ; SELECTIVE ATTENTION ; EMOTIONAL MEMORY ; WORKING-MEMORY ; INTERNAL CLOCK ; DISCRIMINATION ; PERFORMANCE ; RETRIEVAL
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20017
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Ind Engn, Inst Human Factors & Ergon, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yao, Zhuxi,Zhang, Liang,Jiang, Caihong,et al. Stronger cortisol response to acute psychosocial stress is correlated with larger decrease in temporal sensitivity[J]. PEERJ,2016,4(0):e2061.
APA Yao, Zhuxi,Zhang, Liang,Jiang, Caihong,Zhang, Kan,&Wu, Jianhui.(2016).Stronger cortisol response to acute psychosocial stress is correlated with larger decrease in temporal sensitivity.PEERJ,4(0),e2061.
MLA Yao, Zhuxi,et al."Stronger cortisol response to acute psychosocial stress is correlated with larger decrease in temporal sensitivity".PEERJ 4.0(2016):e2061.
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