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Effects of Long-term Diving Training on Cortical Gyrification
Zhang, Yuanchao1,2; Zhao, Lu2; Bi, Wenwei1; Wang, Yue1; Wei, Gaoxia3; Evans, Alan2; Jiang, Tianzi1
2016-06-20
Source PublicationSCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
SubtypeArticle
Volume6Issue:0Pages:28243
AbstractDuring human brain development, cortical gyrification, which is believed to facilitate compact wiring of neural circuits, has been shown to follow an inverted U-shaped curve, coinciding with the two-stage neurodevelopmental process of initial synaptic overproduction with subsequent pruning. This trajectory allows postnatal experiences to refine the wiring, which may manifest as endophenotypic changes in cortical gyrification. Diving experts, typical elite athletes who commence intensive motor training at a very young age in their early childhood, serve ideal models for examining the gyrification changes related to long-term intensive diving training. Using local gyrification index (LGI), we compared the cortical gyrification between 12 diving experts and 12 controls. Compared with controls, diving experts showed widespread LGI reductions in regions relevant to diving performance. Negative correlations between LGIs and years of diving training were also observed in diving experts. Further exploratory network efficiency analysis of structural cortical networks, inferred from interregional correlation of LGIs, revealed comparable global and local efficiency in diving experts relative to controls. These findings suggest that gyrification reductions in diving experts may be the result of long-term diving training which could refine the neural circuitry (via synaptic pruning) and might be the anatomical substrate underlying their extraordinary diving performance.
DOI10.1038/srep28243
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31200794 ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission(D151100002315003) ; open research fund of Key lab of Behavioral Science from the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(20060390540) ; 81503670)
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000378036900001
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS KeywordMEDIAL PREFRONTAL CORTEX ; POSTERIOR PARIETAL CORTEX ; CEREBRAL-CORTEX ; HUMAN-BRAIN ; DECISION-MAKING ; ELITE SPRINGBOARD ; MOTOR CORTEX ; SYSTEM ; PREMOTOR ; SURFACE
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20021
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.Univ Elect Sci & Technol China, Sch Life Sci & Technol, Minist Educ, Key Lab NeuroInformat, Chengdu 610054, Peoples R China
2.McGill Univ, Montreal Neurol Inst, Montreal, PQ H3A 2B4, Canada
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Yuanchao,Zhao, Lu,Bi, Wenwei,et al. Effects of Long-term Diving Training on Cortical Gyrification[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2016,6(0):28243.
APA Zhang, Yuanchao.,Zhao, Lu.,Bi, Wenwei.,Wang, Yue.,Wei, Gaoxia.,...&Jiang, Tianzi.(2016).Effects of Long-term Diving Training on Cortical Gyrification.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,6(0),28243.
MLA Zhang, Yuanchao,et al."Effects of Long-term Diving Training on Cortical Gyrification".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 6.0(2016):28243.
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