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Effects of Long-term Diving Training on Cortical Gyrification
Zhang, Yuanchao1,2; Zhao, Lu2; Bi, Wenwei1; Wang, Yue1; Wei, Gaoxia3; Evans, Alan2; Jiang, Tianzi1
2016-06-20
发表期刊SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
文章类型Article
卷号6期号:0页码:28243
摘要During human brain development, cortical gyrification, which is believed to facilitate compact wiring of neural circuits, has been shown to follow an inverted U-shaped curve, coinciding with the two-stage neurodevelopmental process of initial synaptic overproduction with subsequent pruning. This trajectory allows postnatal experiences to refine the wiring, which may manifest as endophenotypic changes in cortical gyrification. Diving experts, typical elite athletes who commence intensive motor training at a very young age in their early childhood, serve ideal models for examining the gyrification changes related to long-term intensive diving training. Using local gyrification index (LGI), we compared the cortical gyrification between 12 diving experts and 12 controls. Compared with controls, diving experts showed widespread LGI reductions in regions relevant to diving performance. Negative correlations between LGIs and years of diving training were also observed in diving experts. Further exploratory network efficiency analysis of structural cortical networks, inferred from interregional correlation of LGIs, revealed comparable global and local efficiency in diving experts relative to controls. These findings suggest that gyrification reductions in diving experts may be the result of long-term diving training which could refine the neural circuitry (via synaptic pruning) and might be the anatomical substrate underlying their extraordinary diving performance.
DOI10.1038/srep28243
收录类别SCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31200794 ; Beijing Municipal Science & Technology Commission(D151100002315003) ; open research fund of Key lab of Behavioral Science from the Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation(20060390540) ; 81503670)
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000378036900001
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]MEDIAL PREFRONTAL CORTEX ; POSTERIOR PARIETAL CORTEX ; CEREBRAL-CORTEX ; HUMAN-BRAIN ; DECISION-MAKING ; ELITE SPRINGBOARD ; MOTOR CORTEX ; SYSTEM ; PREMOTOR ; SURFACE
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被引频次:1[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20021
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.Univ Elect Sci & Technol China, Sch Life Sci & Technol, Minist Educ, Key Lab NeuroInformat, Chengdu 610054, Peoples R China
2.McGill Univ, Montreal Neurol Inst, Montreal, PQ H3A 2B4, Canada
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Zhang, Yuanchao,Zhao, Lu,Bi, Wenwei,et al. Effects of Long-term Diving Training on Cortical Gyrification[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2016,6(0):28243.
APA Zhang, Yuanchao.,Zhao, Lu.,Bi, Wenwei.,Wang, Yue.,Wei, Gaoxia.,...&Jiang, Tianzi.(2016).Effects of Long-term Diving Training on Cortical Gyrification.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,6(0),28243.
MLA Zhang, Yuanchao,et al."Effects of Long-term Diving Training on Cortical Gyrification".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 6.0(2016):28243.
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