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Paired-Associate and Feedback-Based Weather Prediction Tasks Support Multiple Category Learning Systems
Li, Kaiyun1,2; Fu, Qiufang1; Sun, Xunwei1,2; Zhou, Xiaoyan1,2; Fu, Xiaolan1
2016-06-30
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Article
卷号7期号:0页码:1-10
摘要It remains unclear whether probabilistic category learning in the feedback-based weather prediction task (FB-WPT) can be mediated by a non-declarative or procedural learning system. To address this issue, we compared the effects of training time and verbal working memory, which influence the declarative learning system but not the non declarative learning system, in the FB and paired associate (PA) WPTs, as the PA task recruits a declarative learning system. The results of Experiment 1 showed that the optimal accuracy in the PA condition was significantly decreased when the training time was reduced from 7 to 3 s, but this did not occur in the FB condition, although shortened training time impaired the acquisition of explicit knowledge in both conditions. The results of Experiment 2 showed that the concurrent working memory task impaired the optimal accuracy and the acquisition of explicit knowledge in the PA condition but did not influence the optimal accuracy or the acquisition of self-insight knowledge in the FB condition. The apparent dissociation results between the FB and PA conditions suggested that a non-declarative or procedural learning system is involved in the FB-WPT and provided new evidence for the multiple-systems theory of human category learning.
关键词Weather Prediction Task Feedback-based Paired-associate Non-declarative System Declarative System Task Structure Knowledge Self-insight Knowledge
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2016.0107
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31270024 ; 61375009)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000378787800001
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]HUNTINGTONS-DISEASE ; IMPLICIT PROCESSES ; MEMORY-SYSTEMS ; BASAL GANGLIA ; DOPAMINE ; EXPLICIT ; INSIGHT ; WORKING
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20030
专题脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
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Li, Kaiyun,Fu, Qiufang,Sun, Xunwei,et al. Paired-Associate and Feedback-Based Weather Prediction Tasks Support Multiple Category Learning Systems[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2016,7(0):1-10.
APA Li, Kaiyun,Fu, Qiufang,Sun, Xunwei,Zhou, Xiaoyan,&Fu, Xiaolan.(2016).Paired-Associate and Feedback-Based Weather Prediction Tasks Support Multiple Category Learning Systems.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,7(0),1-10.
MLA Li, Kaiyun,et al."Paired-Associate and Feedback-Based Weather Prediction Tasks Support Multiple Category Learning Systems".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7.0(2016):1-10.
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