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The Effect of Word Frequency and Parafoveal Preview on Saccade Length During the Reading of Chinese
Liu, Yanping1,3; Reichle, Erik D.2; Li, Xingshan1
2016-07-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE
Correspondent Emaillixs@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0096-1523
SubtypeArticle
Volume42Issue:7Pages:1008-1025
AbstractThere are currently 2 theoretical accounts of how readers of Chinese select their saccade targets: (a) by moving their eyes to specific saccade targets (i.e., the default-targeting hypothesis) and (b) by adjusting their saccade lengths to accommodate lexical processing (i.e., the dynamic-adjustment hypothesis). In this article, we first report the results of an eye-movement experiment using a gaze-contingent boundary paradigm. This experiment demonstrates that both target-word frequency and its preview validity modulate the lengths of the saccades entering and exiting the target words, with longer saccades to/from high-frequency words when their preview was available. We then report the results of 2 simulations using computational models that instantiate the core theoretical assumptions of the default-targeting and dynamic-adjustment hypotheses. Comparisons of these simulations indicate that the dynamic-adjustment hypothesis provides a better quantitative account of the data from our experiment using fewer free parameters. We conclude by discussing evidence for dynamic saccade adjustment during the reading of alphabetic languages, and why such a heuristic may be necessary to fully explain eye-movement control during the reading of both alphabetic and nonalphabetic languages.
KeywordChinese eye-movement control preview benefit reading saccades
DOI10.1037/xhp0000190
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationChina Postdoctoral Science Foundation(2013M541073 ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(31500890) ; U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, National Institutes of Health(HD075800) ; 2014T70132)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000379769100009
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordEYE-MOVEMENT CONTROL ; FOVEAL PROCESSING DIFFICULTY ; E-Z READER ; PERCEPTUAL SPAN ; PSYCHOPHYSICS TOOLBOX ; SEMANTIC INFORMATION ; FIXATION POSITIONS ; TARGET SELECTION ; MODEL ; ATTENTION
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20055
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, Yanping
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Behav Sci, Inst Psychol, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100864, Peoples R China
2.Univ Southampton, Sch Psychol, Southampton SO9 5NH, Hants, England
3.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Dept Psychol, Guangzhou, Guangdong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Liu, Yanping,Reichle, Erik D.,Li, Xingshan. The Effect of Word Frequency and Parafoveal Preview on Saccade Length During the Reading of Chinese[J]. JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE,2016,42(7):1008-1025.
APA Liu, Yanping,Reichle, Erik D.,&Li, Xingshan.(2016).The Effect of Word Frequency and Parafoveal Preview on Saccade Length During the Reading of Chinese.JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE,42(7),1008-1025.
MLA Liu, Yanping,et al."The Effect of Word Frequency and Parafoveal Preview on Saccade Length During the Reading of Chinese".JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY-HUMAN PERCEPTION AND PERFORMANCE 42.7(2016):1008-1025.
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