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北京某学区小学教师心理健康状况调查
其他题名Mental Health Condition from Primary School Teachers in One District of Beijing
刘彩谊1; 张英1; 张惠敏1; 李焕1; 陈虹1; 陶然1; 李琦1
2014
发表期刊中国健康心理学杂志
文章类型期刊论文
卷号22期号:7页码:1005-1008
摘要目的:调查分析北京某区小学教师进行心理健康状况,为建立小学教师心理健康档案及教师心理援助方案设计提供基础。方法采用症状自评量表( SCL-90)对该区407位教职工进行心理健康状况测验,利用SPSS 15.0进行数据分析。结果SCL-90各因子得分轻、中度,检出率由高到低依次是强迫症状、躯体化、敌对、抑郁、人际敏感、焦虑、偏执、精神病性、恐怖。重度检出率从高到低是躯体化,然后是强迫症状、抑郁、敌对,再后是人际关系敏感和焦虑,而恐怖、偏执、精神病性因子分没有超出4分。筛查阳性率(总分>160)为26.68%。女教师在强迫(t-=2.84,P<0.01)、抑郁(t=-3.09,P<0.01)、焦虑(t=-2.17,P<0.01)3个因子得分高于男教师,差异具有统计学意义。不同学历组各因子无统计学差异。已婚教师躯体化因子高于未婚教师(t=-2.78,P<0.05),差异有统计学意义。不同年龄段教师只在躯体化因子得分差异具有统计学意义(F=5.88,P<0.01),事后分析提示25岁及以下年龄组与36~45岁组和45岁及以上年龄组均有差异,26~35岁组与45岁及以上组有差异。但不同性别、婚姻状况、年龄段、学历其心理问题阳性筛查率比较均无统计学差异。然而,不同岗位教师SCL-90各因子得分及心理问题阳性筛查率均不同,差异具有统计学意义,班主任的因子得分和心理问题筛查率(34.42%)均比较高。结论小学教师尤其是班主任教师的心理健康状况需要关注,需尽快建立小学教师心理档案系统,设计实施针对小学教师的心理援助方案。
其他摘要Objective To investigate the mental health condition of primary school teachers in one district of Beijing ,provide founda-tion for the establishment of primary school teacher's mental health records and psychological aid scheme .Methods Using SCL-90,the mental health condition data of 407 teachers were tested and then analyzed with SPSS 15.0.Results The detection rate was ranked as compulsion,somatization,hostility,depression,interpersonal relationship ,anxiety,bigoted,psychosis and horror from high to low in factor scores of SCL-90 ranged from mild to moderate.The detection rate was ranked as compulsion ,depression,hostility,interpersonal rela-tionship and anxiety from high to low in factor scores of SCL -90 ranged severe,while scores of horror,bigoted and psychosis were no more than 4.Positive rate was 26.68%.Female teacher's score was significantly higher than that of male teacher in compulsion ( t=-2.84,P<0.01),depression(t=-3.09,P<0.01)and anxiety(t=-2.17,P<0.01).There was no statistical difference in the factors in education background .The somatization score of married teacher was significantly higher than that of unmarried teacher ( t=-2.78,P<0.052).There was significant difference only in somatization factor score in different ages (F=5.88,P<0.01),and the post hoc analy-sis suggested that there were differences between under 25 ages and 36~45 ages,under 25 ages and above 45 ages.But there were no statistical differences about positive rate of metal problem in sex ,married condition,age and education.Afterwards,there was significant difference of each SCL-90 factor scores.Mental problem positive rate in different teacher position ,and SCL-90 factor score and mental problem screen rate(34.42%)of head teacher were relatively high .Conclusion Primary school teachers especially head teachers'men-tal health condition demands attention .It is necessary to establish mental records system of primary school teacher ,and design psychologi-cal aid scheme as soon as possible.
关键词心理健康 小学教师 心理档案 北京市
学科领域教育心理学
语种中文
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20068
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者陶然
作者单位1.北京军区总医院中国青少年心理成长基地
2.《中小学心理健康教育》杂志
3.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
刘彩谊,张英,张惠敏,等. 北京某学区小学教师心理健康状况调查[J]. 中国健康心理学杂志,2014,22(7):1005-1008.
APA 刘彩谊.,张英.,张惠敏.,李焕.,陈虹.,...&李琦.(2014).北京某学区小学教师心理健康状况调查.中国健康心理学杂志,22(7),1005-1008.
MLA 刘彩谊,et al."北京某学区小学教师心理健康状况调查".中国健康心理学杂志 22.7(2014):1005-1008.
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