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父母教养方式对中学生学业效能感和学习价值怀疑的影响
Alternative TitleInfluence of Parent Rearing Style on Middle School Student's Academic Efficacy and Study Value Suspicion
张英1; 刘彩谊1; 李焕1; 陶然1; 陈虹1; 李琦1
2014
Source Publication中国社会医学杂志
Subtype期刊论文
Issue4Pages:266-268
Abstract目的:研究父母教养方式对中学生学业效能感和学习价值怀疑的影响,为提升中学生的学习水平提供参考。方法采用“父母教养方式问卷”、“自我效能感综合量表”中学业自我效能感、自我调节学习效能感分量表和“学习价值怀疑量表”对北京市3所中学的334人(初中生179人,高中生155人)进行调查。结果①不同性别中,学生父母教养方式有不同之处,男生父亲的惩罚、严厉和拒绝、否认的分数高于女生父亲,差异具有统计学意义(分别 P <0.01和 P <0.05);男生母亲的惩罚、严厉因子得分高于女生母亲,差异具有统计学意义(P <0.05)。②初中生与高中生相比,母亲只在拒绝、否认因子得分低,差异有统计学意义;初中生的学业自我效能感、自我调节学习效能感两因子得分均高于高中生,差异具有统计学意义。在学习价值怀疑得分上,初中生、高中生之间差异无统计学意义。③父、母亲的情感温暖、理解与中学生的学业自我效能感呈正相关(父 r=0.28,P <0.01;母 r=0.24,P <0.01);与自我调节学习效能感呈正相关(父 r=0.31,P <0.01;母 r=0.23,P <0.01);与学习价值怀疑得分呈负相关(父 r =-0.20, P <0.01;母 r=-0.12,P <0.05);父、母亲惩罚、严厉(父 r=-0.13,P <0.05;母 r=-0.16,P <0.01)和拒绝、否认(父 r=-0.11,P <0.05;母 r=-0.17,P <0.01)与自我调节学习效能感均呈负相关;母亲的惩罚、严厉也与学业自我效能感(母 r=-0.12,P <0.05)呈负相关。结论中学生父母教养方式与其学业自我效能、自我调节感和学业价值怀疑密切相关,因此,改善父母教养方式有利于提升中学生的学习价值感和学业相关的效能感。
Other AbstractObjectives To investigate the influence of parent rearing style on middle school student's academic efficacy and study value suspicion,and to provide reference for improving middle school student's learning level.Methods 334 mid-dle school students of 3 middle schools (179 junior high school students and 155 senior high school students)were investi-gated using EMBU,two subscales of Self Efficacy Integrated Scale (academic self-efficacy and self-regulation learning effi-cacy)and study value suspicion scale.Results ① Parent rearing style was different in different genders of middle school students.Scores of severe punishment and denial of boy's father were significantly higher than those of girl's father (P <0.01 andP <0.05 respectively).Score of severe punishment of boy's mother was significantly higher than that of girl's mother (P <0.05).② Compared with senior high school students,junior high school student's scores of academic self-effi-cacy and self-regulation learning efficacy were significantly higher.③ Parent's emotional warmth and understanding were positively correlated with middle school student's academic self-efficacy and self-regulation learning efficacy (father's r =0.28,P <0.01;mother's r=0.24,P <0.01),and negatively correlated with study value suspicion (rf =-0.20,P <0.01;r m =-0.12,P <0.05).Parent's severe punishment(rf =-0.13,P <0.05;r m =-0.16,P <0.01)and denial (rf=-0.11,P <0.05;r m =-0.17,P < 0.01 )were negatively correlated with self-regulation learning efficacy .Moreover, mother's severe punishment was negatively correlated with academic self-efficacy (r m =-0.12,P <0.05).Conclusions The rearing style of middle school student's parent was closely related with academic self-efficacy,self-regulation learning effica-cy and study value suspicion,so improving parent rearing style was beneficial to promote middle school student's sense of study value and study related efficacy.
Keyword中学生 父母教养方式 学业自我效能感 学业价值怀疑
Subject Area教育心理学
URL查看原文
Language中文
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20094
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Affiliation1.北京军区总医院中国青少年心理成长基地,北京,102600
2.《中小学心理健康教育》杂志,北京,100089
3.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学重点实验室,北京,100101
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张英,刘彩谊,李焕,等. 父母教养方式对中学生学业效能感和学习价值怀疑的影响[J]. 中国社会医学杂志,2014(4):266-268.
APA 张英,刘彩谊,李焕,陶然,陈虹,&李琦.(2014).父母教养方式对中学生学业效能感和学习价值怀疑的影响.中国社会医学杂志(4),266-268.
MLA 张英,et al."父母教养方式对中学生学业效能感和学习价值怀疑的影响".中国社会医学杂志 .4(2014):266-268.
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