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Alternative TitleImpacts of biological and family factors on lexical and intellectual development in Mandarin-speaking children
牛杰1; 陈永香1; 朱莉琪1
Source Publication中国当代儿科杂志
Other AbstractObjectiveTo investigate the impacts of biological factors (age and sex) and family factors (socioeconomic status and parenting style) on the early lexical and intellectual development of children in a longitudinal tracking study.MethodsA total of 38 Mandarin-speaking children aged from 18 to 24 months were surveyed using the Putonghua Chinese Communicative Development Inventory (PCDI), the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ), and a self-designed Questionnaire for Parents. All of the subjects were retested using PCDI and ASQ after 6 months. ResultsBiological factors accounted for 65% of the variance in lexical development, 10% of which was attributed to gender, in the ifrst survey. After six months, the contribution of age decreased to 26% and gender had no signiifcant impact. Lexical development could positively predict the intellectual development of children. When age and gender were controlled, it accounted for 22% of the variance in intellectual development. Family socioeconomic factors had no signiifcant impacts on lexical and intellectual development. Children's recognition of people and objects around them with guidance of parents in parenting styles could positively predict the intellectual development of children six months later, which accounted for 10% of the variance.ConclusionsBiological factors play an important role in the early lexical development of children. However, the inlfuence decreases with the increase of age (months). Biological factors, lexical development, and parenting style have a combined inlfuence on children's intellectual development.
Keyword汉语词汇 智能发展 问卷 儿童
Subject Area发展心理学
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author朱莉琪
Affiliation1.中国人民解放军第306医院儿科,北京 100101
2.中国科学院心理研究所行为科学实验室,北京 100101
3.山西大学教育科学学院,山西 太原,030006
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
牛杰,陈永香,朱莉琪. 生物和家庭因素对汉语儿童词汇和智能发展的影响[J]. 中国当代儿科杂志,2015,17(7):726-730.
APA 牛杰,陈永香,&朱莉琪.(2015).生物和家庭因素对汉语儿童词汇和智能发展的影响.中国当代儿科杂志,17(7),726-730.
MLA 牛杰,et al."生物和家庭因素对汉语儿童词汇和智能发展的影响".中国当代儿科杂志 17.7(2015):726-730.
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