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Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders Show Reduced Specificity and Less Positive Events in Mental Time Travel
Chen, Xing-jie1,2,3; Liu, Lu-lu1,2; Cui, Ji-fang4; Wang, Ya1; Chen, An-tao5; Li, Feng-hua5; Wang, Wei-hong5; Zheng, Han-feng6; Gan, Ming-yuan7; Li, Chun-qiu7; Shum, David H. K.8,9; Chan, Raymond C. K.1; Ya Wang
First AuthorChen, Xing-jie
Contribution Rank1

Mental time travel refers to the ability to recall past events and to imagine possible future events. Schizophrenia (SCZ) patients have problems in remembering specific personal experiences in the past and imagining what will happen in the future. This study aimed to examine episodic past and future thinking in SCZ spectrum disorders including SCZ patients and individuals with schizotypal personality disorder (SPD) proneness who are at risk for developing SCZ. Thirty-two SCZ patients, 30 SPD proneness individuals, and 33 healthy controls participated in the study. The Sentence Completion for Events from the Past Test (SCEPT) and the Sentence Completion for Events in the Future Test were used to measure past and future thinking abilities. Results showed that SCZ patients showed significantly reduced specificity in recalling past and imagining future events, they generated less proportion of specific and extended events compared to healthy controls. SPD proneness individuals only generated less extended events compared to healthy controls. The reduced specificity was mainly manifested in imagining future events. Both SCZ patients and SPD proneness individuals generated less positive events than controls. These results suggest that mental time travel impairments in SCZ spectrum disorders and have implications for understanding their cognitive and emotional deficits.

Keywordmental time travel episodic future thinking past schizophrenia schizophrenia spectrum
Indexed BySSCI ; SSCI
Funding OrganizationNational Science Foundation of China(31571130 ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association Funding of Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y1CX131003) ; Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(113000C136) ; Knowledge Innovation Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(KSCX2-EW-J-8) ; CAS/SAFER International Partnership Programme for Creative Research Teamsy(Y2CX131003) ; 81571317)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000380226100001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
Citation statistics
Cited Times:13[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorWang, Ya; Ya Wang
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Humanities, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Massachusetts, Dept Psychol & Brain Sci, Amherst, MA 01003 USA
4.Natl Inst Educ Sci, Informat Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Southwest Univ, Sch Psychol, Chongqing, Peoples R China
6.Babel Mental Hlth Ctr, Chongqing, Peoples R China
7.Beijihg Huilongguan Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China
8.Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia
9.Griffith Univ, Sch Appl Psychol, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia
First Author Affilication认知与发展心理学研究室
Corresponding Author Affilication认知与发展心理学研究室
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Xing-jie,Liu, Lu-lu,Cui, Ji-fang,et al. Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders Show Reduced Specificity and Less Positive Events in Mental Time Travel[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2016,7(0):1-8.
APA Chen, Xing-jie.,Liu, Lu-lu.,Cui, Ji-fang.,Wang, Ya.,Chen, An-tao.,...&Ya Wang.(2016).Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders Show Reduced Specificity and Less Positive Events in Mental Time Travel.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,7(0),1-8.
MLA Chen, Xing-jie,et al."Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders Show Reduced Specificity and Less Positive Events in Mental Time Travel".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7.0(2016):1-8.
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