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青少年生活方式与网络成瘾的相关研究
Alternative TitleAssociation study on lifestyle and internet addiction in adolescents
董华1; 王利刚1; 谢东杰1; 高文斌1; 孙昕霙1
2015
Source Publication中华行为医学与脑科学杂志
Subtype期刊论文
Volume24Issue:7Pages:633-636
Abstract目的 了解青少年网络成瘾者的生活方式,探讨青少年网络成瘾与生活方式的关系.方法 采用横断面分层取样研究方法.采用自编人口学信息调查表、中国青少年生活方式问卷(Chinese adolescent lifestyles scale,CALS)和Young的网络成瘾测试问卷(internet addiction test)进行调查.结果 (1)网络成瘾者275人(11.20%),男性(15.45%)多于女性(7.48%);城市(13.55%)多于农村(9.67%);在年级间,初中最多(14.01%),大学次之(13.84%),再次之高中(9.66%),小学最少(7.67%)(P<0.01).(2)网络成瘾者的睡眠状况、学习习惯、体育锻炼、人际关系、应对方式得分均低于无网络成瘾者(P<0.01).(3)睡眠状况、学习习惯、体育锻炼、人际关系、应对方式与网络成瘾呈负相关(r=-0.193,r=-0.319,r=-0.175,r=-0.225,r=-0.105,P<0.01).(4) Logistic回归分析显示:学习习惯和人际关系对网络成瘾具有负向预测作用,而应对方式对网络成瘾显示较弱的正向预测作用.结论 网络成瘾者的青少年生活方式差于非网络成瘾者,建议从青少年就开始养成良好的行为习惯,坚持健康的生活方式,对预防网络成瘾有一定的帮助.
Other AbstractObjective To investigate the lifestyles of internet addiction disorders and explore the relationship between lifestyles and internet addiction among Chinese adolescents.Methods In this cross-sectional stratified cluster sampling study,Demographic Information Questionnaire,Chinese Adolescent Lifestyles Scale (CALS)and Young's Internet Addiction Test were applied.Results (1) Adolescents with internet addiction were 275,accounting for 11.20%.Boys(15.45%) addicted the internet more than girls(7.48%).The prevalence rate of IAD was higher in students from urban(13.55%) than that in students from rural area(9.67%).The ratio of IAD was the highest in junior school students (14.01%),the second in university students (13.84%),the third in senior high school students(9.66%),and the lowest in primary school students(7.67%) (P<0.01).(2) The internet addicts scored significantly lower on sleep,study habits,physical exercise,interpersonal relationship and coping style,compared to the normal group(P<0.01).(3) Sleep status,study habits,physical exercise,interpersonal relationship and coping style were negatively correlated with internet addiction (r=-0.193,r=-0.319,r=-0.175,r=-0.225,r=-0.105,P<0.01).(4)Multiple logistic regression analysis indicated learning habits and interpersonal relationship had negative predictive effects on internet addiction; whereas,the coping style showed a weak positive prediction effect on Internet addiction.Conclusion Internet addict teenagers have poor lifestyles which should be suggested to start the good behavior habit and insist on a healthy lifestyle to prevent the internet addiction disorder.
Keyword网络成瘾 生活方式 睡眠状况 应对方式 学习习惯 人际关系
Subject Area健康心理学
DOI10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-6554.2015.07.016
URL查看原文
Language中文
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金项目 ; 国家科技支撑计划项目 ; 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室经费
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20244
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室
2.中国科学院大学
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
董华,王利刚,谢东杰,等. 青少年生活方式与网络成瘾的相关研究[J]. 中华行为医学与脑科学杂志,2015,24(7):633-636.
APA 董华,王利刚,谢东杰,高文斌,&孙昕霙.(2015).青少年生活方式与网络成瘾的相关研究.中华行为医学与脑科学杂志,24(7),633-636.
MLA 董华,et al."青少年生活方式与网络成瘾的相关研究".中华行为医学与脑科学杂志 24.7(2015):633-636.
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