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铁路青年工人职业认同感现状及其对幸福感的预测作用
其他题名Impacting factors on the professional identity of railway young workers and the relationship with the professional identity and subjective well-being
况扶华1; 谢东杰1; 王利刚1; 范晓兰1; 高文斌1
2014
发表期刊中华行为医学与脑科学杂志
文章类型期刊论文
卷号23期号:3页码:254-257
摘要目的 揭示铁路青年工人职业认同的现状和影响因素,研究职业认同对幸福感的预测作用.方法 采用等比例分层随机抽样,使用职业认同问卷和幸福感指数量表对全国5 762名铁路青年工人进行调查.对性别、年龄、工龄、学历和收入水平等因素对职业认同的影响进行定量分析.结果 (1)铁路青年工人的职业认同水平随年龄增加而增加(F=6.667,P<0.05).(2)职业认同感随工龄增加而增加(F=5.t47,P<0.01),但9~12年工龄反而下降.(3)“大专”学历职业认同明显低于“本科及以上”学历(F=3.538,P<0.05).(4)职业认同随收入提高而提高(F=42.275,P<0.01).(5)线性回归分析结果显示,职业认同对幸福感有预测作用(R =0.534,p<0.01).结论 铁路青年工人的年龄、工龄、学历、收入等变量对职业认同有影响,职业认同对幸福感有正向预测作用.
其他摘要Objective To investigate the impacting factors on the professional identity of railway young workers and the relationship of the professional identity and subjective well-being.Methods The sample consisting of 5 762 young workers was selected from railway enterprises by stratified and random sampling according to the proportion.Occupational professional identity Scale and Index of Well-being,Index of General Affect Scale were used.The affect of the variable,such as sex,age,working years,educational background and income on professional identity were studied.Moreover,the relationship between professional identity and subjective well-being was reported.Results (1) Professional identity ascended witb the increase of ages,and there was significance between three groups(F=6.667,P<0.05).(2)Professional identity ascended with the increase of length of service (F=5.147,P<0.01),but it dropped at the point of 9-12 years.(3) The professional identity of workers with bachelor degree was higher than that with junior college education background.and there was significance between three groups (F=3.538,P<0.05).(4)The workers who had more than 3 500 RMB monthly salary was regarded on the top in professional identity,while those whose monthly salary were under 2 500 RMB was in the lowest level (F=42.275,P<0.01).(5)The result of linear regression indicated that the degree of professional identity can forecast the degree of subjective well-being(R =0.534,P<0.01).Conclusion The professional identity of railway young works was affected by their ages,the length of service,the educational degree and salary,The professional identity can forecast subjective well-being.
关键词职业认同 幸福感 铁路 青年职工 Professional Identity Subjective Well-being Railway Young Workers
学科领域健康心理学
DOI10.3760/cma.j.issn.1674-6554.2014.03.019
URL查看原文
语种中文
项目资助者中国科学院心理健康重点实验室经费 ; 国家科技支撑计划项目 ; 中国科学技术协会学会能力提升专项
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20255
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
作者单位1.中国科学院大学
2.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室
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况扶华,谢东杰,王利刚,等. 铁路青年工人职业认同感现状及其对幸福感的预测作用[J]. 中华行为医学与脑科学杂志,2014,23(3):254-257.
APA 况扶华,谢东杰,王利刚,范晓兰,&高文斌.(2014).铁路青年工人职业认同感现状及其对幸福感的预测作用.中华行为医学与脑科学杂志,23(3),254-257.
MLA 况扶华,et al."铁路青年工人职业认同感现状及其对幸福感的预测作用".中华行为医学与脑科学杂志 23.3(2014):254-257.
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