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The procrastinators want it now: Behavioral and event-related potential evidence of the procrastination of intertemporal choices
Wu, Haiyan1,2,3,4; Gui, Danyang3,4; Lin, Wenzheng5; Gu, Ruolei1,2; Zhu, Xiangru6; Liu, Xun1,2; Liu, X
2016-08-01
Source PublicationBRAIN AND COGNITION
Correspondent Emailliux@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0278-2626
SubtypeArticle
Volume107Issue:0Pages:16-23
AbstractMuch past research has focused on the correlation between procrastination and personality traits (e.g., impulsivity). According to the temporal motivation theory, procrastinators are impulsive and sensitive to delays in time. However, there is still a lack of direct evidence of the tendency of procrastinators to prefer immediate over future rewards. To investigate this question, we recorded event-related potentials (ERPs) in the brain while participants performed an intertemporal choice task involving both time delay and reward processing. The participants were assigned to a high procrastination group and a low procrastination group according to their scores on self-report measures. We found that high procrastination participants preferred immediate rewards compared to future ones whereas low procrastination participants did not. High procrastinators also exhibited a larger and delayed P2 component, indicating delay time processing and abnormal reward processing. No significant effect associated with procrastination was found on the P300 component. Taken together, these findings suggest that high procrastinators are more impulsive and encode the information of delay time more slowly but with a higher level of motivation driven attention. The current study substantiates higher impulsivity in procrastination and verifies that a difference exists in the sensitivity to time delay between high and low procrastinators. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
KeywordProcrastination Impulsivity Event-related potentials P2 Intertemporal choice Time discounting
Subject Area认知神经科学
DOI10.1016/j.bandc.2016.06.005
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
WOS Research AreaNeurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS SubjectNeurosciences ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS IDWOS:000381065100003
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Social Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordACADEMIC PROCRASTINATION ; PSYCHOLOGICAL ANTECEDENTS ; BRAIN POTENTIALS ; TIME PERSPECTIVE ; REWARD MAGNITUDE ; NEGATIVITY BIAS ; LIE DETECTION ; IMPULSIVITY ; SELF ; ERP
Citation statistics
Cited Times:6[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20363
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLiu, X
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Normal Univ, IDG McGovern Inst Brain Res, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
5.Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
6.Henan Univ, Inst Cognit & Behav, Kaifeng 475001, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wu, Haiyan,Gui, Danyang,Lin, Wenzheng,et al. The procrastinators want it now: Behavioral and event-related potential evidence of the procrastination of intertemporal choices[J]. BRAIN AND COGNITION,2016,107(0):16-23.
APA Wu, Haiyan.,Gui, Danyang.,Lin, Wenzheng.,Gu, Ruolei.,Zhu, Xiangru.,...&Liu, X.(2016).The procrastinators want it now: Behavioral and event-related potential evidence of the procrastination of intertemporal choices.BRAIN AND COGNITION,107(0),16-23.
MLA Wu, Haiyan,et al."The procrastinators want it now: Behavioral and event-related potential evidence of the procrastination of intertemporal choices".BRAIN AND COGNITION 107.0(2016):16-23.
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