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Young Children's Development of Fairness Preference
Li, Jing1; Wang, Wen2; Yu, Jing3; Zhu, Liqi1; Zhu, LQ
2016-08-30
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
通讯作者邮箱zhulq@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Article
卷号7期号:0页码:0
摘要Fairness is one of the most important foundations of morality and may have played a key role in the evolution of cooperation in humans beings. As an important type of fairness concern, inequity aversion is the preference for fairness and the resistance to inequitable outcomes. To examine the early development of fairness preference in young children, sixty 2- and 3-year-old children were recruited to examine young children's preferences for fairness using a forced choice paradigm. We tested how toddlers acted when they took charge of distributing resources (two candies) to themselves and others and when they were the recipients of both other-advantageous distribution and self -advantageous distribution. Different alternative options were paired with the same fair option in the two conditions. In the other -advantageous condition, children had fewer resources in the alternative options than others, whereas their resources in the alternative options were greater than others' in the self -advantageous condition. The results showed that more children displayed fairness preferences when they distributed resources between two friends than when they distributed resources between a friend and themselves. In both scenarios, 3-year-old children were more likely to demonstrate fairness preference than 2-year-old children. The findings suggest that inequity aversion develops in young children and increases with age over the course of early childhood. When they were recipients, there was a trend in young children's preference for fairness in the other advantageous condition compared with the self -advantageous condition. This suggests that children might tend to be more likely to display inequity aversion when they are in a disadvantageous position.
关键词Fairness Inequity Aversion Young Children Forced Choice Paradigm Distribution
学科领域发展心理学
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01274
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Nature Science Foundation of China [(31300859) ; National Social Science Foundation of China(14ZDB161) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KJZD-EW-L04)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000382128100001
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]INEQUITY AVERSION ; PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN ; ECONOMIC MAN ; BEHAVIOR ; ALTRUISM ; JUSTICE ; GAME ; COOPERATION ; CHIMPANZEES ; COMPETITION
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20364
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Zhu, LQ
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Michigan State Univ, Coll Social Sci, Human Dev & Family Studies, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA
3.Univ Maryland Baltimore Cty, Dept Psychol, Baltimore, MD 21228 USA
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Li, Jing,Wang, Wen,Yu, Jing,et al. Young Children's Development of Fairness Preference[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2016,7(0):0.
APA Li, Jing,Wang, Wen,Yu, Jing,Zhu, Liqi,&Zhu, LQ.(2016).Young Children's Development of Fairness Preference.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,7(0),0.
MLA Li, Jing,et al."Young Children's Development of Fairness Preference".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7.0(2016):0.
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