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Young Children's Development of Fairness Preference
Li, Jing1; Wang, Wen2; Yu, Jing3; Zhu, Liqi1; Zhu, LQ
2016-08-30
Source PublicationFRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
Correspondent Emailzhulq@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1664-1078
SubtypeArticle
Volume7Issue:0Pages:0
AbstractFairness is one of the most important foundations of morality and may have played a key role in the evolution of cooperation in humans beings. As an important type of fairness concern, inequity aversion is the preference for fairness and the resistance to inequitable outcomes. To examine the early development of fairness preference in young children, sixty 2- and 3-year-old children were recruited to examine young children's preferences for fairness using a forced choice paradigm. We tested how toddlers acted when they took charge of distributing resources (two candies) to themselves and others and when they were the recipients of both other-advantageous distribution and self -advantageous distribution. Different alternative options were paired with the same fair option in the two conditions. In the other -advantageous condition, children had fewer resources in the alternative options than others, whereas their resources in the alternative options were greater than others' in the self -advantageous condition. The results showed that more children displayed fairness preferences when they distributed resources between two friends than when they distributed resources between a friend and themselves. In both scenarios, 3-year-old children were more likely to demonstrate fairness preference than 2-year-old children. The findings suggest that inequity aversion develops in young children and increases with age over the course of early childhood. When they were recipients, there was a trend in young children's preference for fairness in the other advantageous condition compared with the self -advantageous condition. This suggests that children might tend to be more likely to display inequity aversion when they are in a disadvantageous position.
KeywordFairness Inequity Aversion Young Children Forced Choice Paradigm Distribution
Subject Area发展心理学
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01274
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Nature Science Foundation of China [(31300859) ; National Social Science Foundation of China(14ZDB161) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(KJZD-EW-L04)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000382128100001
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordINEQUITY AVERSION ; PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN ; ECONOMIC MAN ; BEHAVIOR ; ALTRUISM ; JUSTICE ; GAME ; COOPERATION ; CHIMPANZEES ; COMPETITION
Citation statistics
Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20364
Collection中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorZhu, LQ
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Michigan State Univ, Coll Social Sci, Human Dev & Family Studies, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA
3.Univ Maryland Baltimore Cty, Dept Psychol, Baltimore, MD 21228 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Jing,Wang, Wen,Yu, Jing,et al. Young Children's Development of Fairness Preference[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2016,7(0):0.
APA Li, Jing,Wang, Wen,Yu, Jing,Zhu, Liqi,&Zhu, LQ.(2016).Young Children's Development of Fairness Preference.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,7(0),0.
MLA Li, Jing,et al."Young Children's Development of Fairness Preference".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7.0(2016):0.
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