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Plasticity of Inhibitory Processes and Associated Far-Transfer Effects in Older Adults
Ji, Yang1,2; Wang, Jun1,2; Chen, Tianyong1,2; Du, Xin1,2; Zhan, Yi1,2
2016-08-01
发表期刊PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING
ISSN0882-7974
文章类型Article
卷号31期号:5页码:415-429
摘要Inhibition deficit plays a crucial part in cognitive aging; however, few studies have systematically investigated the plasticity of various inhibitory processes among older adults. We studied the plasticity of 3 inhibitory processes (access, deletion, and restraint) and the extent of far transfer of inhibition training to other general cognitive abilities. Thirty-six participants (aged 60 years and above, M = 70.06, SD = 5.53) were randomly assigned to an adaptive training group that received 12 sessions of training covering 3 inhibitory processes or an active control group that received 4 sessions of mental health lectures. Participants in both groups completed pre-and posttest assessments, in which behavioral and electrophysiological measures were used to evaluate potential transfer effects. Direct training gains were observed for trained tasks of all inhibitory processes, but near-transfer effects were only found within untrained tasks associated with deletion at a composite score level. Furthermore, far-transfer effects were demonstrated for fluid intelligence (Gf) but not for working memory or other general cognitive abilities. Near transfer to deletion and far transfer to Gf persisted at a 3-month follow-up assessment session. We discussed differences in plasticity between the 3 inhibitory processes as well as their possible associations with far transfer to Gf.
关键词Cognitive Training Inhibition Fluid Intelligence Plasticity Working Memory
DOI10.1037/pag0000102
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者Science and Technology Service Network Initiative(KFJ-EW-STS-025) ; Foundation for the Author of Excellent Doctoral Dissertation of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS研究方向Geriatrics & Gerontology ; Psychology
WOS类目Gerontology ; Psychology, Developmental
WOS记录号WOS:000383104200001
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Social Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]WORKING-MEMORY CAPACITY ; IMPROVING FLUID INTELLIGENCE ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; AGE-DIFFERENCES ; INTERFERENCE CONTROL ; TRAINING GAINS ; STROOP INTERFERENCE ; NEURAL MECHANISMS ; EXECUTIVE-CONTROL ; NO EVIDENCE
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20388
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Inst Psychol, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
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Ji, Yang,Wang, Jun,Chen, Tianyong,et al. Plasticity of Inhibitory Processes and Associated Far-Transfer Effects in Older Adults[J]. PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING,2016,31(5):415-429.
APA Ji, Yang,Wang, Jun,Chen, Tianyong,Du, Xin,&Zhan, Yi.(2016).Plasticity of Inhibitory Processes and Associated Far-Transfer Effects in Older Adults.PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING,31(5),415-429.
MLA Ji, Yang,et al."Plasticity of Inhibitory Processes and Associated Far-Transfer Effects in Older Adults".PSYCHOLOGY AND AGING 31.5(2016):415-429.
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