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"Female Preponderance" of Depression in Non-clinical Populations: A Meta-Analytic Study
Wang, Kui1,2; Lu, Han3,4; Cheung, Eric F. C.5; Neumann, David L.6,7; Shum, David H. K.6,7; Chan, Raymond C. K.1
2016-09-15
发表期刊FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY
通讯作者邮箱wangk@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1664-1078
文章类型Review
卷号7期号:0页码:1-9
摘要Clinical observations and research suggest a female preponderance in major depressive disorder. However, it is unclear whether a similar gender difference is found for the reporting of depressive symptoms in non-clinical populations. The present meta-analysis was conducted to address this issue. We searched for published papers targeting non-clinical populations in which the 21-item Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) was used. Eighty-four papers (91 studies) published between 1977 and 2014 were included in the final meta-analysis, which comprised 23,579 males and 29,470 females. Females in the general population reported higher level of depressive symptoms than males (d = -0.187, corresponding to 1.159 points in the 21-item BDI). This pattern was not found to influence by years of publication, socioeconomic status, or version of the BDI used. Using age group as a moderator, studies with adolescents and young adults were found to show a smaller effect size than studies with older participants. Our results appear to confirm the female preponderance in the level of self-report depressive symptoms in the general population, and support the social gender role theory in explaining gender difference over biological susceptibility theory and evolutionary theory.
关键词Gender Difference Depression Age Social Gender Role Economic Status Bdi
DOI10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01398
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31200775) ; Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Chinese Academy of Sciences(KLMH2014ZG09) ; China Scholarship Council as a visiting scholar ; CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Teams(Y2CX131003)
WOS研究方向Psychology
WOS类目Psychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS记录号WOS:000383124900001
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]NATIONAL COMORBIDITY SURVEY ; SEX-DIFFERENCES ; COLLEGE-STUDENTS ; MENTAL-HEALTH ; INVENTORY-II ; COGNITIVE VULNERABILITY ; PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES ; UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS ; METROPOLITAN CHINA ; GENERAL-POPULATION
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20390
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Wang, Kui
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Humanities & Social Sci, Dept Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Strasbourg, Neurosci, Strasbourg, France
4.Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Castle Peak Hosp, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
6.Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia
7.Griffith Univ, Sch Appl Psychol, Gold Coast, Qld, Australia
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GB/T 7714
Wang, Kui,Lu, Han,Cheung, Eric F. C.,et al. "Female Preponderance" of Depression in Non-clinical Populations: A Meta-Analytic Study[J]. FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,2016,7(0):1-9.
APA Wang, Kui,Lu, Han,Cheung, Eric F. C.,Neumann, David L.,Shum, David H. K.,&Chan, Raymond C. K..(2016)."Female Preponderance" of Depression in Non-clinical Populations: A Meta-Analytic Study.FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY,7(0),1-9.
MLA Wang, Kui,et al.""Female Preponderance" of Depression in Non-clinical Populations: A Meta-Analytic Study".FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY 7.0(2016):1-9.
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