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Alternative TitleInfluence of social support and locus of control on affective well-being of earthquake victims and its mechanism
Thesis Advisor王文忠
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline心理学
Keyword社会支持来源 接受到的社会支持 控制源 情感幸福感
Other AbstractThe aim of this study is to explore the affective well-being influenced by two factors, which are social support from outside and locus of control from inside, to make clear of the source of social support a year after the earthquake and to explore and testify the influence mechanism of locus of control and social support to affective well-being. We collected data by questionnaires in Luoshui County, Shifang, Sichuan Province, which is influenced hard by 5.12 Wenchuan earthquake. We used anova, regression analysis and tried to make a structural equation model.

The results of data analysis show that: 1) during the first year after earthquake, compared with personal social support, earthquake victims perceived more public social support, which is beneficial to improve their positive emotion and affective well-being; 2) Emotional support is good to improve positive emotion and affective well-being and slightly relieve negative emotion, while tangible support is good to relieve negative emotion significantly; 3) Internal earthquake victims and chanced victims experienced less negative emotion and more affective well-being, while positive emotion of chanced victims is lower than internal victims; 4) the equation matched perfect with data implied that social support is the mediator variable between internal locus of control and external locus of control and affective well-being. Internal victims will receive more social support and their affective well-being is higher than the other two types’ of locus of control. And internal locus of control is positively correlated with affective well-being.

Therefore, the findings of the study are as following: help from institutions and organizations, such as government, is very important for victims; and tangible support and emotional support are the focal point and should be offered continuously for victims; for external locus of control victims, their sense that they can control changes of things by themselves should be improved so that it is beneficial to improve their positive emotion and affective well-being and also relieve their negative emotion.
Subject Area应用心理学
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
辛玖岭. 社会支持与控制源对灾后居民情感幸福感的影响及机制[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2010.
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