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峰终律与混合情绪体验评价机制
其他题名peak-end rule and evaluation of mixed emotion experiences
张子淳
学位类型硕士
导师樊春雷 ; 李永娟
2011-05
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点北京
学位专业心理学
关键词峰终律 情绪体验评价 混合情绪
摘要 
本研究的目的是验证混合情绪情境中的情绪体验评价是否符合峰终律,以及峰、终体验等因素对混合情绪体验评价的影响机制。峰终律是指人们的情绪体验评价受到体验过程中极端情绪体验和结束时的情绪体验的影响。以往研究主要在单一情绪情境中进行——被试的情绪体验都是积极的或者都是消极的。混合情绪情境中的情绪体验评价机制仍然是个问题。本研究设计了三个实验考察混合情绪情境中的峰终律和情绪体验评价机制。 实验一用纯音刺激唤起被试积极和消极的情绪,被试收听声音后进行总体评价。结果发现在简单直觉情境下的混合情绪体验评价符合峰终律,同时刺激出现的位置会影响情绪体验评价。实验二用爱荷华博弈任务模拟真实的决策情境,考察复杂认知情境中的混合情绪体验评价。实验二的结果仍然与峰终律一致,同时也指出消极情绪对总体情绪体验影响的影响大于积极情绪。实验三用货币激励延迟任务研究高峰体验、低谷体验、结束体验、平均体验、任务成绩等因素对总体情绪体验评价的影响。实验三的结果发现低谷体验、结束体验和总体情绪体验之间相关显著。对总体情绪体验进行回归分析发现结束体验和平均体验对总体情绪体验的影响最大;同时低谷体验和任务成绩也能预测总体情绪体验。 本研究的结果表明在混合情绪情境中,峰、终体验会影响总体情绪体验,与峰终律一致。同时其他因素包括平均体验、低谷体验、任务成绩也会影响情绪体验评价。
其他摘要The present study aims to verify if peak-end rule applies to the retrospective evaluations of mixed emotion experiences, and what other factors will influence it. Most previous studies were carried out in situations that emotion experiences were affectively homogenous - either pleasant or unpleasant. What factors will affect experience evaluation in a mixed emotion situation is not clear yet. We designed three experiments to investigate into this issue. Experiment 1 used two pure tones to arouse participants’ positive and negative emotions. Participants who listened to the tones made retrospective evaluations. Results showed that participants' evaluations were consistent with peak-end rule. Experiment 2 used Iowa gambling task to simulate people's real life decision-making, which is a much more complex situation than in experiment 1. Participants completed the task and retrospectively evaluated their experiences. Results were consistent with peak-end rule again. It also revealed that negative emotion has more impact on overall experience than positive emotion. The third experiment employed the monetary-incentive-delay(MID) task to investigate what factors would influence mixed emotion experiences’ evaluation besides peak and end. Participants rated their instant experience during the task and overall experience after completed the task. Results showed that the most unpleasant experience, end experience and task performance were significantly correlated with overall experience. Regression analysis suggested that the end experience and average experience were the best predictors of overall experience. The most unpleasant experience and task performance can also predict overall experience. The present study found that peak and end experience still influence overall experience in a mixed emotion situation, While other factors including average experience, the most unpleasant experience and task performance were also good predictors of overall experience.
学科领域应用心理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20473
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
张子淳. 峰终律与混合情绪体验评价机制[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2011.
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