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Exploring the Cognitive Processes Causing the Age-Related Categorization Deficit in the Recognition of Facial Expressions
Zhao, Min-Fang1,2; Zimmer, Hubert D.3; Shen, Xunbing1,2; Chen, Wenfeng1; Fu, Xiaolan1
2016
Source PublicationEXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH
Correspondent Emailfuxl@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0361-073X
SubtypeArticle
Volume42Issue:4Pages:348-364
AbstractBackground/Study Context: Elderly people do not categorize emotional facial expressions as accurately as younger people, particularly negative emotions. Although age-related impairments in decoding emotions in facial expressions are well documented, the causes of this deficit are poorly understood. This study examined the potential mechanisms that account for this age-related categorization deficit by assessing its dependence on presentation time.Methods: Thirty young (19-27years old) and 31 older (68-78years old) Chinese adults were asked to categorize the six basic emotions in facial expressions, each presented for 120, 200, 600, or 1000ms, before and after exposure to a neutral facial expression.Results: Shortened presentation times caused an age-related deficit in the recognition of happy faces, whereas no deficit was observed at longer exposure times. An age-related deficit was observed for all negative emotions but was not exacerbated by shorter presentation times.Conclusion: Age-related deficits in categorization of positive and negative emotions are caused by different mechanisms. Because negative emotions are perceptually similar, they cause high categorization demands. Elderly people may need more evidence in favor of the target emotion than younger people, and they make mistakes if this surplus of evidence is missing. In contrast, perceptually distinct happy faces were easily identified, and elderly people only failed when the presentation time was too short for their slower perceptual processing.
DOI10.1080/0361073X.2016.1191854
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Basic Research Program (973) of China(2011CB302201) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(61075042 ; German Research Foundation Research Grant DFG(IRTG 1457) ; 31371031)
WOS Research AreaGeriatrics & Gerontology ; Psychology
WOS SubjectGeriatrics & Gerontology ; Psychology
WOS IDWOS:000381057300003
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Social Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordADULT LIFE-SPAN ; EMOTION RECOGNITION ; BASIC EMOTIONS ; STIMULI ; ABILITY ; DURATION ; FACE
Citation statistics
Cited Times:3[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20515
Collection脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorFu, Xiaolan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Humanities, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Saarland, Dept Psychol, Brain & Cognit Unit, Saarbrucken, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Min-Fang,Zimmer, Hubert D.,Shen, Xunbing,et al. Exploring the Cognitive Processes Causing the Age-Related Categorization Deficit in the Recognition of Facial Expressions[J]. EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH,2016,42(4):348-364.
APA Zhao, Min-Fang,Zimmer, Hubert D.,Shen, Xunbing,Chen, Wenfeng,&Fu, Xiaolan.(2016).Exploring the Cognitive Processes Causing the Age-Related Categorization Deficit in the Recognition of Facial Expressions.EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH,42(4),348-364.
MLA Zhao, Min-Fang,et al."Exploring the Cognitive Processes Causing the Age-Related Categorization Deficit in the Recognition of Facial Expressions".EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH 42.4(2016):348-364.
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