PSYCH OpenIR  > 脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
Exploring the Cognitive Processes Causing the Age-Related Categorization Deficit in the Recognition of Facial Expressions
Zhao, Min-Fang1,2; Zimmer, Hubert D.3; Shen, Xunbing1,2; Chen, Wenfeng1; Fu, Xiaolan1
2016
发表期刊EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH
通讯作者邮箱fuxl@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0361-073X
文章类型Article
卷号42期号:4页码:348-364
摘要Background/Study Context: Elderly people do not categorize emotional facial expressions as accurately as younger people, particularly negative emotions. Although age-related impairments in decoding emotions in facial expressions are well documented, the causes of this deficit are poorly understood. This study examined the potential mechanisms that account for this age-related categorization deficit by assessing its dependence on presentation time.Methods: Thirty young (19-27years old) and 31 older (68-78years old) Chinese adults were asked to categorize the six basic emotions in facial expressions, each presented for 120, 200, 600, or 1000ms, before and after exposure to a neutral facial expression.Results: Shortened presentation times caused an age-related deficit in the recognition of happy faces, whereas no deficit was observed at longer exposure times. An age-related deficit was observed for all negative emotions but was not exacerbated by shorter presentation times.Conclusion: Age-related deficits in categorization of positive and negative emotions are caused by different mechanisms. Because negative emotions are perceptually similar, they cause high categorization demands. Elderly people may need more evidence in favor of the target emotion than younger people, and they make mistakes if this surplus of evidence is missing. In contrast, perceptually distinct happy faces were easily identified, and elderly people only failed when the presentation time was too short for their slower perceptual processing.
DOI10.1080/0361073X.2016.1191854
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Basic Research Program (973) of China(2011CB302201) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China(61075042 ; German Research Foundation Research Grant DFG(IRTG 1457) ; 31371031)
WOS研究方向Geriatrics & Gerontology ; Psychology
WOS类目Geriatrics & Gerontology ; Psychology
WOS记录号WOS:000381057300003
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Social Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]ADULT LIFE-SPAN ; EMOTION RECOGNITION ; BASIC EMOTIONS ; STIMULI ; ABILITY ; DURATION ; FACE
引用统计
被引频次:2[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20515
专题脑与认知科学国家重点实验室
通讯作者Fu, Xiaolan
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Humanities, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Univ Saarland, Dept Psychol, Brain & Cognit Unit, Saarbrucken, Germany
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Min-Fang,Zimmer, Hubert D.,Shen, Xunbing,et al. Exploring the Cognitive Processes Causing the Age-Related Categorization Deficit in the Recognition of Facial Expressions[J]. EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH,2016,42(4):348-364.
APA Zhao, Min-Fang,Zimmer, Hubert D.,Shen, Xunbing,Chen, Wenfeng,&Fu, Xiaolan.(2016).Exploring the Cognitive Processes Causing the Age-Related Categorization Deficit in the Recognition of Facial Expressions.EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH,42(4),348-364.
MLA Zhao, Min-Fang,et al."Exploring the Cognitive Processes Causing the Age-Related Categorization Deficit in the Recognition of Facial Expressions".EXPERIMENTAL AGING RESEARCH 42.4(2016):348-364.
条目包含的文件
文件名称/大小 文献类型 版本类型 开放类型 使用许可
Exploring the Cognit(473KB)期刊论文作者接受稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SA浏览 请求全文
个性服务
推荐该条目
保存到收藏夹
查看访问统计
导出为Endnote文件
谷歌学术
谷歌学术中相似的文章
[Zhao, Min-Fang]的文章
[Zimmer, Hubert D.]的文章
[Shen, Xunbing]的文章
百度学术
百度学术中相似的文章
[Zhao, Min-Fang]的文章
[Zimmer, Hubert D.]的文章
[Shen, Xunbing]的文章
必应学术
必应学术中相似的文章
[Zhao, Min-Fang]的文章
[Zimmer, Hubert D.]的文章
[Shen, Xunbing]的文章
相关权益政策
暂无数据
收藏/分享
文件名: Exploring the Cognitive Processes Causing the Age Related Categorization Deficit in the Recognition of Facial Expressions.pdf
格式: Adobe PDF
所有评论 (0)
暂无评论
 

除非特别说明,本系统中所有内容都受版权保护,并保留所有权利。