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The effect and mechanisms of implementation intention in improving prospective memory performance in schizophrenia patients
Chen, Xing-Jie1,2; Liu, Lu-Lu1,3; Cui, Ji-Fang4; Gan, Ming-Yuan5; Li, Chun-Qiu5; Neumann, David L.6,7; Shum, David H. K.6,7; Wang, Ya1; Chan, Raymond C. K.1
2016-10-30
Source PublicationPSYCHIATRY RESEARCH
Correspondent Emailwangyazsu@gmail.com
ISSN0165-1781
SubtypeArticle
Volume244Issue:0Pages:86-93
AbstractPeople with schizophrenia (SCZ) have been shown to have prospective memory (PM) deficits. PM refers to the ability to remember to perform delayed intentions in the future and plays an important role in everyday independent functioning in SCZ. To date, few studies have investigated methods to improve PM in SCZ. This study aimed to examine whether implementation intention can improve PM performance and to explore its underlying mechanisms. Fifty people with SCZ and 50 demographically matched healthy controls (HC) participated in this study. Participants were randomly assigned to an implementation intention condition or a control instruction condition. Participants were required to make PM responses when PM cue words appeared while they were undertaking an ongoing task with two levels of cognitive load (1-back or 2-back). Results showed that people with SCZ were impaired in PM, and implementation intention improved PM performances for both SCZ and HC. Implementation intention improved PM performance in SCZ in both the low and the high cognitive load conditions without ongoing task cost, suggesting that implementation intention improved PM remembering in an automatic way. These results indicate that implementation intention may be a beneficial technique for improving PM performances in people with SCZ. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
KeywordImplementation Intention Prospective Memory Schizophrenia Mechanism
DOI10.1016/j.psychres.2016.07.035
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31571130 ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association Funding of Chinese Academy of Sciences(Y1CX131003) ; Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(113000C136) ; CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Programme for Creative Research Teams(Y2CX131003) ; 81571317)
WOS Research AreaPsychiatry
WOS SubjectPsychiatry
WOS IDWOS:000384776700014
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordOLDER-ADULTS ; 1ST-EPISODE SCHIZOPHRENIA ; SPECTRUM DISORDERS ; EXECUTIVE FUNCTION ; INDIVIDUALS ; IMPAIRMENT ; DEFICITS ; METAANALYSIS ; ADHERENCE ; PSYCHOSIS
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Cited Times:2[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20526
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorWang, Ya
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Neuropsychol & Appl Cognit Neurosci Lab, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Massachusetts, Dept Psychol & Brain Sci, Amherst, MA 01003 USA
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Natl Inst Educ Sci, Informat Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Beijing Huilongguan Hosp, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Gold Coast, Australia
7.Griffith Univ, Sch Appl Psychol, Gold Coast, Australia
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Chen, Xing-Jie,Liu, Lu-Lu,Cui, Ji-Fang,et al. The effect and mechanisms of implementation intention in improving prospective memory performance in schizophrenia patients[J]. PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,2016,244(0):86-93.
APA Chen, Xing-Jie.,Liu, Lu-Lu.,Cui, Ji-Fang.,Gan, Ming-Yuan.,Li, Chun-Qiu.,...&Chan, Raymond C. K..(2016).The effect and mechanisms of implementation intention in improving prospective memory performance in schizophrenia patients.PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH,244(0),86-93.
MLA Chen, Xing-Jie,et al."The effect and mechanisms of implementation intention in improving prospective memory performance in schizophrenia patients".PSYCHIATRY RESEARCH 244.0(2016):86-93.
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