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Novel Symbol Learning-Induced Stroop Effect: Evidence for a Strategy-Based, Utility Learning Model
Wang, Jin1,2; Tang, Huijun1,2; Deng, Yuan1
2016-10-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH
通讯作者邮箱dengy@psych.ac.cn
ISSN0090-6905
文章类型Article
卷号45期号:5页码:1161-1171
摘要The automaticity level and attention priority/strategy are two major theories that have attempted to explain the mechanism underlying the Stroop effect. Training is an effective way to manipulate the experience with the two dimensions (ink color and color word) in the Stroop task. In order to distinguish the above two factors (the automaticity or attention/strategy), we revised the training paradigm of MacLeod's study (J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 14(1):126-135, 1988) by adding a control condition for the Stroop task on Chinese. We found that with training, the changing pattern for the Stroop effect was similar in Stroop tasks in novel symbols and in Chinese, showing markedly increasing interference and marginally decreasing facilitation. The current findings support the strategy-based learning account at early stages of novel learning of written symbols.
关键词Stroop Training Automaticity Strategy-based Interference
DOI10.1007/s10936-015-9397-8
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者Chinese Natural Science Foundation(31271193)
WOS研究方向Linguistics ; Psychology
WOS类目Linguistics ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS记录号WOS:000382335000010
WOS标题词Social Sciences
关键词[WOS]VISUAL WORD RECOGNITION ; INTERFERENCE ; ATTENTION ; AUTOMATICITY ; FACILITATION ; DILUTION ; INFORMATION ; ACTIVATION ; PLASTICITY ; SELECTION
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20531
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Deng, Yuan
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
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Wang, Jin,Tang, Huijun,Deng, Yuan. Novel Symbol Learning-Induced Stroop Effect: Evidence for a Strategy-Based, Utility Learning Model[J]. JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH,2016,45(5):1161-1171.
APA Wang, Jin,Tang, Huijun,&Deng, Yuan.(2016).Novel Symbol Learning-Induced Stroop Effect: Evidence for a Strategy-Based, Utility Learning Model.JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH,45(5),1161-1171.
MLA Wang, Jin,et al."Novel Symbol Learning-Induced Stroop Effect: Evidence for a Strategy-Based, Utility Learning Model".JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLINGUISTIC RESEARCH 45.5(2016):1161-1171.
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