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Exploring brain functional plasticity in world class gymnasts: a network analysis
Wang, Junjing1; Lu, Min2; Fan, Yuanyuan1; Wen, Xue1; Zhang, Ruibin1; Wang, Bin1; Ma, Qing1; Song, Zheng3,4; He, Yong3,4; Wang, Jun3,4; Huang, Ruiwang1
2016-09-01
Source PublicationBRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION
ISSN1863-2653
SubtypeArticle
Volume221Issue:7Pages:3503-3519
AbstractLong-term motor skill learning can induce plastic structural and functional reorganization of the brain. Our previous studies detected brain structural plasticity related to long-term intensive gymnastic training in world class gymnasts (WCGs). The goal of this study was to investigate brain functional plasticity in WCGs by using network measures of brain functional networks. Specifically, we acquired resting-state fMRI data from 13 WCGs and 14 controls, constructed their brain functional networks, and compared the differences in their network parameters. At the whole brain level, we detected significantly decreased overall functional connectivity (FC) and decreased local and global efficiency in the WCGs compared to the controls. At the modular level, we found intra- and inter-modular reorganization in three modules, the cerebellum, the cingulo-opercular and fronto-parietal networks, in the WCGs. On the nodal level, we revealed significantly decreased nodal strength and efficiency in several non-rich club regions of these three modules in the WCGs. These results suggested that functional plasticity can be detected in the brain functional networks of WCGs, especially in the cerebellum, fronto-parietal network, and cingulo-opercular network. In addition, we found that the FC between the fronto-parietal network and the sensorimotor network was significantly negatively correlated with the number of years of training in the WCGs. These findings may help us to understand the outstanding gymnastic performance of the gymnasts and to reveal the neural mechanisms that distinguish WCGs from controls.
KeywordBrain functional network Cerebellum Fronto-parietal network Cingulo-opercular network
DOI10.1007/s00429-015-1116-6
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(81071149 ; 81271548 ; 81371535 ; 81428013 ; 81471654)
WOS Research AreaAnatomy & Morphology ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS SubjectAnatomy & Morphology ; Neurosciences
WOS IDWOS:000382685700010
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordRICH-CLUB-ORGANIZATION ; RESTING-STATE FMRI ; GRAPH-THEORETICAL ANALYSIS ; BASAL GANGLIA ; STRUCTURAL CONNECTIVITY ; TEMPORAL-LOBE ; GLOBAL SIGNAL ; MOTOR SYSTEM ; TASK CONTROL ; SKILL
Citation statistics
Cited Times:10[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20532
Collection应用研究版块
Affiliation1.South China Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Ctr Study Appl Psychol, Guangdong Key Lab Mental Hlth & Cognit Sci, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Normal Univ, IDG McGovern Inst Brain Res, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Junjing,Lu, Min,Fan, Yuanyuan,et al. Exploring brain functional plasticity in world class gymnasts: a network analysis[J]. BRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION,2016,221(7):3503-3519.
APA Wang, Junjing.,Lu, Min.,Fan, Yuanyuan.,Wen, Xue.,Zhang, Ruibin.,...&Huang, Ruiwang.(2016).Exploring brain functional plasticity in world class gymnasts: a network analysis.BRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION,221(7),3503-3519.
MLA Wang, Junjing,et al."Exploring brain functional plasticity in world class gymnasts: a network analysis".BRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION 221.7(2016):3503-3519.
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