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Exploring brain functional plasticity in world class gymnasts: a network analysis
Wang, Junjing1; Lu, Min2; Fan, Yuanyuan1; Wen, Xue1; Zhang, Ruibin1; Wang, Bin1; Ma, Qing1; Song, Zheng3,4; He, Yong3,4; Wang, Jun3,4; Huang, Ruiwang1
2016-09-01
发表期刊BRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION
ISSN1863-2653
文章类型Article
卷号221期号:7页码:3503-3519
摘要Long-term motor skill learning can induce plastic structural and functional reorganization of the brain. Our previous studies detected brain structural plasticity related to long-term intensive gymnastic training in world class gymnasts (WCGs). The goal of this study was to investigate brain functional plasticity in WCGs by using network measures of brain functional networks. Specifically, we acquired resting-state fMRI data from 13 WCGs and 14 controls, constructed their brain functional networks, and compared the differences in their network parameters. At the whole brain level, we detected significantly decreased overall functional connectivity (FC) and decreased local and global efficiency in the WCGs compared to the controls. At the modular level, we found intra- and inter-modular reorganization in three modules, the cerebellum, the cingulo-opercular and fronto-parietal networks, in the WCGs. On the nodal level, we revealed significantly decreased nodal strength and efficiency in several non-rich club regions of these three modules in the WCGs. These results suggested that functional plasticity can be detected in the brain functional networks of WCGs, especially in the cerebellum, fronto-parietal network, and cingulo-opercular network. In addition, we found that the FC between the fronto-parietal network and the sensorimotor network was significantly negatively correlated with the number of years of training in the WCGs. These findings may help us to understand the outstanding gymnastic performance of the gymnasts and to reveal the neural mechanisms that distinguish WCGs from controls.
关键词Brain functional network Cerebellum Fronto-parietal network Cingulo-opercular network
DOI10.1007/s00429-015-1116-6
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(81071149 ; 81271548 ; 81371535 ; 81428013 ; 81471654)
WOS研究方向Anatomy & Morphology ; Neurosciences & Neurology
WOS类目Anatomy & Morphology ; Neurosciences
WOS记录号WOS:000382685700010
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]RICH-CLUB-ORGANIZATION ; RESTING-STATE FMRI ; GRAPH-THEORETICAL ANALYSIS ; BASAL GANGLIA ; STRUCTURAL CONNECTIVITY ; TEMPORAL-LOBE ; GLOBAL SIGNAL ; MOTOR SYSTEM ; TASK CONTROL ; SKILL
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被引频次:6[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20532
专题应用研究版块
作者单位1.South China Normal Univ, Sch Psychol, Ctr Study Appl Psychol, Guangdong Key Lab Mental Hlth & Cognit Sci, Guangzhou 510631, Guangdong, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Cognit Neurosci & Learning, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
4.Beijing Normal Univ, IDG McGovern Inst Brain Res, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
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Wang, Junjing,Lu, Min,Fan, Yuanyuan,et al. Exploring brain functional plasticity in world class gymnasts: a network analysis[J]. BRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION,2016,221(7):3503-3519.
APA Wang, Junjing.,Lu, Min.,Fan, Yuanyuan.,Wen, Xue.,Zhang, Ruibin.,...&Huang, Ruiwang.(2016).Exploring brain functional plasticity in world class gymnasts: a network analysis.BRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION,221(7),3503-3519.
MLA Wang, Junjing,et al."Exploring brain functional plasticity in world class gymnasts: a network analysis".BRAIN STRUCTURE & FUNCTION 221.7(2016):3503-3519.
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