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The effect of cognitive errors, mindfulness and personality traits on pedestrian behavior in a Chinese sample
Qu, Weina1; Zhang, Huihui1,2; Zhao, Wenguo1,2; Zhang, Kan1; Ge, Yan1
2016-08-01
发表期刊TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR
通讯作者邮箱gey@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1369-8478
文章类型Article
卷号41期号:0页码:29-37
摘要The high rate of traffic accidents involving pedestrians has become a major traffic safety problem worldwide, especially in developing countries. In the current study, we employ a Chinese version of the Pedestrian Behavior Scale (PBS) and explore its correlation with attention and personality traits. A sample of 283 adults completed the Chinese Pedestrian Behavior Scale (CPBS), which measures pedestrian behavior, and a demographic questionnaire. And 183 of them completed (1) the Attention-Related Cognitive Errors Scale (ARCES) and Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MAAS), which measure pedestrian attention-related issues; (2) a scale to capture personality traits (including normlessness, anger, sensation-seeking and altruism). Overall, the Chinese PBS showed adequate reliability and a stable structure. Hierarchical multiple regressions were employed to examine the effects of personality traits, attention-related errors (measured by the ARCES), and conscious awareness (measured by MAAS), and the results show that MAAS, ARCES, normlessness, anger and altruism can affect pedestrian behaviors. These findings could guide the development of intervention programs through the evaluation of various pedestrian behaviors, thus reducing the frequency of pedestrian-involved traffic accidents. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
关键词Pedestrian behavior Attention-related cognitive errors Mindful attention awareness Personality
DOI10.1016/j.trf.2016.06.009
收录类别SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31400886 ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program(TSS-2015-06) ; Basic Project of National Science and Technology of China(2009FY110100) ; 31100750 ; 91124003)
WOS研究方向Psychology ; Transportation
WOS类目Psychology, Applied ; Transportation
WOS记录号WOS:000382343600004
WOS标题词Social Sciences ; Science & Technology ; Technology
关键词[WOS]RISKY DRIVING BEHAVIOR ; SENSATION SEEKING ; CROSSING BEHAVIOR ; ATTENTION ; DRIVERS ; FAILURES ; ANGER ; PREDICTORS ; ACCIDENTS ; ATTITUDES
引用统计
被引频次:2[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20538
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
通讯作者Ge, Yan
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Behav Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Qu, Weina,Zhang, Huihui,Zhao, Wenguo,et al. The effect of cognitive errors, mindfulness and personality traits on pedestrian behavior in a Chinese sample[J]. TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR,2016,41(0):29-37.
APA Qu, Weina,Zhang, Huihui,Zhao, Wenguo,Zhang, Kan,&Ge, Yan.(2016).The effect of cognitive errors, mindfulness and personality traits on pedestrian behavior in a Chinese sample.TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR,41(0),29-37.
MLA Qu, Weina,et al."The effect of cognitive errors, mindfulness and personality traits on pedestrian behavior in a Chinese sample".TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH PART F-TRAFFIC PSYCHOLOGY AND BEHAVIOUR 41.0(2016):29-37.
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