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地震儿童的亲社会行为特点及影响因素
其他题名The Feature and Influential Factors of Prosocial Behavior of Earthquake Children
朱明婧
学位类型硕士
导师施建农
2010-05
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点北京
学位专业心理学
关键词地震 儿童 亲社会行为 同伴接纳 自我意识
摘要与创伤有关的研究一直以来关注创伤的消极后果,如焦虑、抑郁及创伤后应激障碍等精神疾患。而对创伤后积极心理和行为的探索,为创伤后心理机制的探讨和心理干预的临床应用提供了一个新的视角。创伤后亲社会行为是创伤后积极心理和行为研究的一大核心,已有大量研究探讨各种创伤性事件后个体亲社会行为的特点。经历过地震的儿童是否会比普通儿童表现出更多的亲社会行为?有哪些因素会造成这一差异?这是本研究旨在考察的问题。本研究选取10-15岁的地震儿童和普通儿童作为研究对象,研究一采用自我报告式的亲社会倾向量表,同伴提名和教师评价亲社会行为量表首先考察地震儿童的亲社会行为特点,探索地震儿童与普通儿童的亲社会行为的具体差异所在;研究二根据研究一的结果,分别考察在女生群体和10~12岁群体中,同伴接纳和自我意识对地震儿童与普通儿童的同伴提名亲社会行为差异的影响。主要研究结果如下:1、地震儿童与普通儿童在教师评价亲社会行为上没有差异,普通儿童的亲社会倾向多于地震儿童,而在女生群体和10~12岁群体中,地震儿童的同伴提名亲社会行为显著多于普通儿童。2、同伴接纳对地震儿童和普通儿童的亲社会行为差异存在影响,表现为同伴接纳高时,地震儿童的同伴提名亲社会行为高于普通儿童。3、与地震儿童相比,普通儿童中有更多的高自我意识个体,自我意识对地震儿童和普通儿童的亲社会行为差异没有影响。综上所述,经历地震的儿童与经历其他创伤的儿童一样,也表现出比普通儿童更多的亲社会行为,并且同伴接纳对这一差异具有影响作用。 
其他摘要The studies related to trauma are focusing on the negative aftermath, such as anxiety, depression and  Posttraumatic  Stress  Disorder.  However, exploring the positive mind and behavior after trauma has created a new perspective for research on posttraumatic psychological  mechanism  and clinical application of psychological intervention. Prosocial behavior is a main topic in the research on positive mind and behavior after trauma. A large number of studies have explored individual prosocial behavior after experiencing various  traumatic events. Did children who  experienced earthquake show more prosocial behavior than normal  children? What factors have  caused such difference? This study aimed to figure out these issues.
10-15 years old children experienced earthquake and children not experienced earthquake were as research subjects.  With self-report Prosocial Tendency Measurement, Peer Nomination and Teacher Rating Prosocial Behavior Scale, study 1 probed into the specific difference of prosocial behavior between earthquake children and normal children.  According to the results of study 1, the impacts of peer acceptance and self-concept on the discrepancy of peer nominated prosocial behavior between earthquake children and normal children among female and 10-12 years old
age group were investigated in the study 2. The results are as follows:
Firstly, there is no difference between earthquake children and normal children’s teacher rating prosocial behavior.  Normal children’s prosocial tendency was significantly higher than earthquake children. Among female and 10-12 years old age group, earthquake children showed more peer nominated prosocial behavior than normal children.  
Secondly, peer acceptance did  influence  the earthquake children’s prosocial behavior. On higher peer acceptance condition, earthquake children showed more prosocial behavior nominated by peers.
Finally, compared with earthquake  children, there were more high self-concept individuals among normal children. Self-concept showed no impact on the difference between earthquake children and normal children’s prosocial behavior which was nominated by peers.
In summery, the present study  showed that just  as  children experienced other trauma, earthquake children had more prosocial behavior than normal children, which was moderated by peer acceptance.
学科领域发展与教育心理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20550
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
朱明婧. 地震儿童的亲社会行为特点及影响因素[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2010.
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