|其他题名||The Feature and Influential Factors of Prosocial Behavior of Earthquake Children|
|关键词||地震 儿童 亲社会行为 同伴接纳 自我意识|
|其他摘要||The studies related to trauma are focusing on the negative aftermath, such as anxiety, depression and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. However, exploring the positive mind and behavior after trauma has created a new perspective for research on posttraumatic psychological mechanism and clinical application of psychological intervention. Prosocial behavior is a main topic in the research on positive mind and behavior after trauma. A large number of studies have explored individual prosocial behavior after experiencing various traumatic events. Did children who experienced earthquake show more prosocial behavior than normal children? What factors have caused such difference? This study aimed to figure out these issues.|
10-15 years old children experienced earthquake and children not experienced earthquake were as research subjects. With self-report Prosocial Tendency Measurement, Peer Nomination and Teacher Rating Prosocial Behavior Scale, study 1 probed into the specific difference of prosocial behavior between earthquake children and normal children. According to the results of study 1, the impacts of peer acceptance and self-concept on the discrepancy of peer nominated prosocial behavior between earthquake children and normal children among female and 10-12 years old
age group were investigated in the study 2. The results are as follows:
Firstly, there is no difference between earthquake children and normal children’s teacher rating prosocial behavior. Normal children’s prosocial tendency was significantly higher than earthquake children. Among female and 10-12 years old age group, earthquake children showed more peer nominated prosocial behavior than normal children.
Secondly, peer acceptance did influence the earthquake children’s prosocial behavior. On higher peer acceptance condition, earthquake children showed more prosocial behavior nominated by peers.
Finally, compared with earthquake children, there were more high self-concept individuals among normal children. Self-concept showed no impact on the difference between earthquake children and normal children’s prosocial behavior which was nominated by peers.
In summery, the present study showed that just as children experienced other trauma, earthquake children had more prosocial behavior than normal children, which was moderated by peer acceptance.
|朱明婧. 地震儿童的亲社会行为特点及影响因素[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2010.|