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研究生童年虐待与心理健康间的关系:中介效应检验
其他题名An Analysis of Mediator Variables between Graduate Students’ Childood Abuse and Mental Health
王敏
学位类型同等学力硕士
2015-07
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点北京
学位专业心理学
关键词童年虐待 心理健康 社会支持 情绪调节策略 研究生
摘要作为最高层次的学历教育,研究生的心理健康水平对社会发展意义重大。随着我国当前社会面临巨大转型,社会文化不断变迁,就业竞争明显加剧,学术科研要求明显提高,研究生所承担的责任和面临的压力越来越大,研究生的心理健康水平显得尤为重要。探讨影响研究生心理健康的因素,有针对性地进行研究生心理教育,具有重要的社会意义。 伴随着对研究生群体的心理健康成长因素的深入研究,童年虐待这一影响因素受到越来越多的关注。一系列的相关研究表明,童年虐待是心理健康有力的预测因素。作为心理健康的重要指标,研究发现,童年虐待是导致低自尊和抑郁的重要原因。然而,童年虐待是如何影响到心理健康的这一心理机制仍不明确,对于童年虐待对研究生的心理健康的作用机制探索不够,对于童年虐待影响研究生心理健康的可能路径未采用实证研究加以检验。 本研究采用整群随机抽样的方法,应用儿童期虐待问卷(CTQ-SF)、主观知觉社会支持量表(PSSS)、情绪调节策略量表(ERS)、自尊量表(SES)和抑郁量表(CESD)对907名研究生进行调查,探讨研究生的童年虐待经历与心理健康的关系及社会支持和情绪调节策略的中介作用。 研究结果发现,研究生的童年虐待与自尊呈显著负相关,与抑郁呈显著正相关,与社会支持呈显著负相关,社会支持与自尊呈显著正相关,与抑郁呈显著负相关。一系列的中介效应检验结果表明,社会支持是童年虐待和自尊之间的中介变量,也是童年虐待和抑郁之间的中介变量。情绪调节策略中的认知重评策略是童年虐待和自尊之间的中介变量,也是童年虐待和抑郁之间的中介变量。而没有发现情绪调节策略中的表达抑制策略在童年虐待与自尊及抑郁之间的中介作用。本研究的结果表明,童年虐待不仅直接影响研究生的自尊和抑郁,同时还通过社会支持和认知重评策略间接影响研究生的自尊和抑郁。
其他摘要As the highest level of academic education, graduate students’ mental health is of great significance to social development. Along with huge transformation in our country, the changes in our society and culture, intensified employment competition, and improved requirements of academic research, the responsibility and pressure of graduate students facing are very huge. Hence, graduate students’ mental health was concerned by researchers. With researches focused on growth factors of influencing graduate students’ mental health, evidence accumulated in the past decade converges on the importance of childhood abuse in students’ mental health. An increasing body of research provides evidence that childhood abuse is associated with important indicators of students’ mental health such as self-esteem and depression. However, research on the childhood abuse among Chinese graduate students is less plentiful. Besides, despite the robust relationship between childhood abuse and mental health in Chinese, the mechanism underlying this association remains less clear. To explore whether childhood abuse experiences predict higher levels of depression and lower levels of self-esteem for graduate students and examine the role of social support and emotion regulation strategies in the association. A sample of 907 graduate students were investigated with the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ-SF), Perceived Social Support Scale (PSSS), Emotion Regulation Strategies (ERS), Self-esteem Scale (SES) and Center for Epidemiological Survey Scale (CESD). The main results of the studies were as follows. Childhood abuse was significant negative correlated with self-esteem, significant positive correlated with depression, and significant negative correlated with social support. Social support was significant positive correlated with self-esteem, significant negative correlated with depression. Examining the mediation model indicated that social support had a partial mediation effects on the relationship between childhood abuse and self-esteem. Social support had a partial mediation effects on the relationship between childhood abuse and depression. In addition, results indicated that significant indirect contributions of childhood abuse to self-esteem and depression via reappraisal, but not via suppression. The findings demonstrate the importance of childhood abuse for graduate students’ mental health and the mechanism of the relationship between childhood abuse and mental health in Chinese graduate students.
学科领域发展与教育心理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20557
专题健康与遗传心理学研究室
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
王敏. 研究生童年虐待与心理健康间的关系:中介效应检验[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2015.
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