A study on the effect of group counseling improving the armed police recruits adaptability Abstract Group counseling has been widely used in recruits training, but the previous research is lack of in-depth study about psychological behavioral change of the recruits during the three-month training.It impacted the effectiveness and pertinency of group counseling . Goup counseling mechanism is difficult to separate . The study attempts to propose recruits psychological behavioral change theory, and proving the influence of group counseling on the recruits psychological behavioral change at different stages . Study commenced in two parts. The first study collected qualitative material of recruits, the backbone and the leadership by structured interviews. The materials are about psychological behavioral changes in recruits training .We quantified with coding method, and put forward the four stages theory of psychological behavioral changes in recruits training. The second study designed a set of group counseling programs based on the four stages theory of psychological behavioral change in recruits training.It used controlled experiments to check the effect of this program at different stages of the training. The results show that: 1. The four stages theory of psychological behavioral changes in recruits training that presented on qualitative analysis has been supported by quantitative research.The control group data of Symptom Checklist (SCL-90) and New Soldier Adaptability Inventory in four stages confirm the theory rationality. 2. Group Counseling plays a positive and significant effect mainly through improving the recruits interpersonal relationships , the military role perceptions and environmental identity .It occurred in the second phase of psychological behavioral change. 3. New training is an effective way to enhance the adaptability of recruits .