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Alternative TitleEffects of Father-son Relationship to the Children’s Withdrawal Behavior —Based on Research and Analysis of Family Relations Indicator(F.R.I.)
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline心理学
Keyword家庭关系指征 父子关系 儿童退缩行为
Abstract儿童社会退缩行为受到父母的抚养方式、心理关爱、家庭环境,特别是父子关系的多重影响。鉴于当前很多家庭的子女为隔代抚养关系,且三代同住,家庭关系复杂,当父亲与女方父母合住时,即出现了所谓的“入赘家庭”。在这样复杂的家庭关系中,为了研究父子关系对儿童社会退缩行为的影响,本研究对101位儿童进行测评,采用CBCL测试儿童社会退缩行为。 与以往的研究不同,为了获得真实的父子关系数据,本研究应用家庭关系指征(Family Relations Indicator简称F.R.I.)与HOME两种工具从显性、隐性两方面检测父子关系。F.R.I.是由Howells与Lickorish设计,专门旨在考量家庭关系的图形投射测验,自上世纪六十年代以来, 即在心理治疗中广为应用,但尚未引进国内。因此,本文通过解析F.R.I.的理论依据、建立发展、模型描述、应用举例、辨析优缺点等方式详尽介绍了此项投射测验,并测评了F.R.I.在父子关系方面的信度、效度。 研究结果表明F.R.I.与HOME的测评结果显示F.R.I.的父子关系具有良好的信度、效度。父子关系与社会退缩行为显著相关,当父亲与女方父母同住的所谓“入赘家庭”模式下尤为显著。 研究结论为:“入赘家庭”模式对父子关系和儿童的退缩行为都有显著影响,父子关系起到了部分中介效应的作用。 
Other AbstractChildren’s social withdrawal behavior is affected by parents’ nurturance, psycho affection, family environment, and other factors. Nowadays, many young couples choose to live with their parents so as to take care of new- born children. When the husbands have to live with their mother-in-law, there comes a word “uxorilocal family” . In this kind of family, family relations are more complicated than nuclear families. In order to investigate the effect of father-son relationship to children’s social withdrawal behaviors in such families, we use Parent rating scales for the child behavior check list CBCL to evaluate the 101 children’s social withdrawal behavior. Unlike the former investigations, in order to obtain more real data, we utilize two modes of instruments to evaluate the relationship of father-son, one is HOME scale, the other is the projective test. Since the 1960’s, The Family Relations Indicator(F.R.I.) described by John G. Howells and John R. Lickorish is the picture projective technique for investigating family relationships. Based upon introduction of the revised and enlarged edition of the F.R.I., the description and construction, administration and scoring, sample response to the pictures, the advantages and disadvantages, the other purpose of this research is to explain and discuss the suitableness and revision of F.R.I. so as to enable it to apply in the prospect of the Chinese family therapy. Furthermore, we evaluate the reliability and validity of F.R.I. of the relationship on father-son. The findings show that the relationship between fathers and children obtained from FRI is in good validity and reliability. Father-son Relationship correlate with children’s social withdrawal behaviors significantly, especially in uxorilocal marriage families. Conclusions: In uxorilocal marriage families, the uxorilocal marriage effect both the father-son relationship and children’s social withdrawal behaviors significantly, father-son relationship plays medium adjusting role to children’s social withdrawal behaviors. 
Subject Area应用心理学
Document Type学位论文
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
许丽梅. 父子关系对儿童退缩行为的影响——基于家庭关系指征F.R.I.的测查结果与分析[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2014.
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