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青少年社会价值取向和社会通则与其亲社会行为的关系
其他题名The Relationship between Adolescent’s Social Value Orientation, Social Axiom and Pro-social Behavior
王瑞学
学位类型同等学力硕士
2014-07
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点北京
学位专业心理学
关键词青少年 社会价值取向 社会通则 亲社会行为 公平 信任 合作
摘要本研究考察青少年社会价值取向、社会通则与其亲社会行为的关系。研究采用经济博弈范式来探查青少年亲社会行为的发展。对232名10-16岁初一到初三的初中生(78名初一学生,79名初二学生,75名初三学生)进行了关于其社会价值取向、社会通则和亲社会行为的问卷测量。使用分解游戏测量初中生的社会价值取向,考察不同取向的发展趋势;使用社会通则量表对被试社会通则的个体差异进行评估;使用包含经济学博弈任务的问卷考察初中生亲社会行为的发展,并进一步考察了社会价值取向和社会通则对初中生亲社会行为的影响。研究发现以下结果:    (1)尽管在初中生群体内,竞争取向的被试占大多数,但随年级升高,非自我取向的亲社会取向有所提高。    (2)随着年级的升高,初中生在独裁者博弈任务中的分配数额下降,且在简版最后通牒博弈任务中对他人的不公平分配显著增加;随年级升高,初中学生对他人的信任逐渐降低;三个年级间在囚徒困境中的合作行为差异不显著,大多数初中生的选择为不合作,显示出对个人利益的关注。    (3)随着年级的升高,初中生的社会通则在“付出有回报”和“命运控制”两个维度上没有显著变化,而“愤世嫉俗”、“社会多样性” 和“宗教性”方面会显著增加。    (4)初中生的社会价值取向与亲社会行为中的信任行为有显著相关,与公平和合作行为没有显著相关。    (5)社会通则对初中生的亲社会行为有影响。具体而言,愤世嫉俗与不公平行为相关显著,付出有回报与公平行为相关显著,社会多样性与合作行为相关显著。        结论 : 青少年的亲社会行为与其价值取向和社会通则相关;青少年的亲社会行为随年级的增长而变化。
其他摘要Abstract The research is to explore the relationship between adolescent’s social value orientation,social axiom and pro-social behavior. Economic game paradigms were used to explore the development of adolescents’ pro-social behaviors. 232 middle school students, at the age of 10 to 16,including 78 cases of 7-th grade students,79 cases of 8-th grade students, 75 cases of 9-th grade students, were examined by means of questionnaire about their social value orientation, social axiom and pro-social behavior. Adolescents’ social attitude was measured by Social Axioms Survey (SAS),exploring the tendency of different values.. Individual difference of social axiom was evaluated by Social Axiom Scale (SAS). Classical Dictator Game (DG) and Ultimatum Game (UG) were used to measure middle school students’ fairness. Moreover, their trust behavior and cooperative behavior were examined by Trust Game (TG) and Prisoner’s Dilemma Game (PDG). The correlation analysis among social attitude, social axiom and pro-social behavior were conducted. Results as followed: (1) The majority of adolescents were equipped with competition social value orientation., However, with the grades increasing, the proportion of adolescents’ non-individual pro-social social attitude was increasing. (2)With the grades increasing, the distribution in DG has decreased significantly, while the proportion of unfair distribution to others increased significantly in Mini UG. With the grades increasing, adolescents’ trust in others was gradually reducing. The difference between three grades in the cooperative behavior in the prisoner's dilemma was not significant; most of the adolescents did not choose to cooperate, showing concern for personal interests. (3) With the grades increasing, the difference between adolescents’ "Social Cynicism and "Social Complexity" and "Religiosity" will increase significantly,but their social value on "Reward for Application "and "Fate Control" did not change significantly. (4)Social value orientation is correlated with Adolescents’ pro-social behavior,and there is not a significant correlation with fair and the cooperation behavior. (5) Adolescents’ pro-social behavior was correlated with the social axiom. Specifically, there was a significant correlation between social cynicism and unfair behavior; there was a significant correlation between the reward for application and the refuse to fair behavior; there was a significant correlation between the social complexity and cooperation behavior. Conclusion: the adolescents' pro-social behaviors are correlated with social value orientation and social axiom; adolescents' pro-social behavior changes with grades increasing. 
学科领域发展与教育心理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20612
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
王瑞学. 青少年社会价值取向和社会通则与其亲社会行为的关系[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2014.
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