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工作压力、“大五”人格对工作绩效的影响--以造纸企业生产线员工为例
其他题名The Impact of Work Stress and “Big Five” Traits on Work Performance:the Case of Paper Production Line Workers As An Example
李慧丽
学位类型同等学力硕士
2014-07
学位授予单位中国科学院研究生院
学位授予地点北京
学位专业应用心理学
关键词造纸企业生产线员工 工作压力 “大五”人格 工作绩效
摘要社会的急剧变革使我们每个人在面对各种各样的挑战以赢得生存与发展的空间的同时也承受着巨大的压力。在我国尤其是近几十年来经济的迅猛发展伴随着越来越复杂的外部经济、政治环境,以及国内突发事件的增加,使我们每个人都要承受更多的身心压力。 虽然工作压力领域的研究已取得了大量的进展,但主要集中于压力源和压力反应的相关研究,而对工作压力的作用机理或各种中间过程的研究仍然比较缺乏。因此,本研究在国内外相关研究成果的基础上,以造纸企业生产线员工为样本,引入“大五”人格作为工作压力和工作绩效的调节变量,探究“大五”人格在工作压力和工作绩效之间的具体作用机制。 在本文的研究中,采用了理论与实证、定性与定量相结合的研究方法,并依此分两阶段展开研究: 第一阶段为相关理论研究,通过对以往文献研究的回顾,对所研究的问题作定性分析,提出本文研究的初步假设;在此基础上,结合对20名造纸企业生产线员工的访谈结果分析,进行问卷设计和调查,收集相关数据,并对问卷进行了50名员工的小样本前测与修改,为第二阶段的研究做准备。 第二阶段为实证研究,是以第一阶段的理论研究为支撑,采用问卷法对山东2家大型造纸企业192名生产线员工进行实地调查,结合所收集的数据进行统计分析,进一步明确生产线员工工作压力、“大五”人格和工作绩效的关系。 研究数据表明: (1)生产线员工工作压力与工作绩效相关显著。 (2)生产线员工工作压力与“大五”人格相关显著。 (3)生产线员工“大五”人格对工作绩效的相关不显著。 (4)生产线员工“大五”人格在工作压力对工作绩效的影响中产生调节作用。 本研究结果有助于了解生产线员工的工作压力状况,并有针对性地对其进行压力管理提供依据,缓解员工压力,改善其生理与心理健康状况;有助于生产线员工工作绩效的提高,从而为企业的发展起到促进作用。
其他摘要The Impact of Work Stress and “Big Five” Traits on Work Performance: the Case of Paper Production Line Workers As An Example The rapid social changes that each of us faces a variety of challenges in order to win the survival and development of space, while also under tremendous pressure. In our country, especially in recent years the rapid development of economy with the external economic, political environment more and more complex, and increased domestic emergencies, so that each of us should take more physical and mental stress. Although the research in the field of work stress has made a lot of progress, mainly in response to the stress source and the stress studies, while the work stress or the mechanism of various intermediate process is still relatively lacking. Therefore, this study relevant research results at home and abroad on the basis of a sample of paper production line workers, the introduction of the "Big Five" traits (NEO-FFI) as work stress and job performance of the manipulated variable to explore personality and work stress at work between the performance of the specific mechanism of action. In this study, using the methods of theoretical and empirical, qualitative and quantitative research, and so a study in two phases: The first stage is the relevant theoretical research, through the review of the previous study, to make a qualitative analysis of the research question, proposes the initial assumption of the research; on this basis, combined with the 20 paper production line workers' analysis of the results of interview, questionnaire design and survey, collecting relevant data, and a questionnaire 50 workers of the small sample test and modify, in preparation for the second phase of the study. Study on second stage as an example, is based on the theory of the first phase as the support, the 192 production line workers using the method of questionnaire on Shandong 2 large-scale paper-making enterprises and on-the-spot investigation, statistical analysis combined with the collected data, to further clarify the paper-making enterprise production line workers' work Stress, the "big five" traits and job performance relationship. Research data show that: (1)Production line workers' work stress was significantly associated with job performance. (2)Production line workers' work stress was significantly associated with "Big Five" traits. (3)Production line workers' "Big Five" traits wasn’t significantly associated with Job Performance. (4)The "Big Five" traits of the production line workers has a regulatory role in the influence of work stress on job performance. The research results are helpful to understand the work stress of production line workers, and to provide evidence for stress management on the workers, relieve stress, improve their physical and mental health; contribute to improve the production line workers’work performance, so as to promote the enterprises’ development. Key Words: Paper production line workers; Work Stress; “Big Five” Traits; work performance
学科领域心理学
语种中文
文献类型学位论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20614
专题社会与工程心理学研究室
作者单位中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
李慧丽. 工作压力、“大五”人格对工作绩效的影响--以造纸企业生产线员工为例[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2014.
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