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父母的敌意倾向与青少年外化行为问题的关系:家庭教养方式的中介作用
Alternative TitleThe Relationship between Parent Hostility and Adolescent Externalizing Behavior Problems: The Mediating Role of Parenting
丛晶
Subtype同等学力硕士
2013
Degree Grantor中国科学院研究生院
Place of Conferral北京
Degree Discipline心理学
Keyword父母敌意倾向 父母教养方式 外化行为问题 青少年 中介作用
Abstract外化行为问题在青少年的成长发展中是一个不容忽视的问题,它不仅对青少年的身心造成极大的伤害,同时对家庭和社会造成不良的影响。作为影响青少年外化行为问题的两个重要因素,父母的敌意倾向和家庭教养行为得到了较多的关注,在探讨三者之间影响机制的研究中,有学者认为母亲严厉的教养行为在母亲敌意倾向和学龄前儿童外化行为问题之间起中介作用,但研究并没有考察积极的教养方式,也没有考察父亲的敌意和教养方式与子女外化行为问题之间的关系;在外化行为问题的考察上也没有从学龄前儿童扩展到青少年这一更大的年龄层上。 本研究将在前人基础上,采用中国科学院心理研究所全国青少年心理健康数据库中2008年的横断数据,对其中4474名11~21岁(平均年龄15.57±2.48岁)的在校青少年进行数据分析,来考察父母敌意、教养行为与外化问题的关系。外化问题和教养行为均由青少年报告,父母敌意由家长报告。研究的主要结果如下:父母敌意和父母的教养行为显著相关;父母的敌意与青少年的外化问题显著相关,父母敌意越强,青少年的外化问题越严重;父母的教养行为与青少年的外化问题相关显著,父母的监控、引导得分越高,青少年的外化问题得分越低,父母的严厉越高,青少年的外化问题越多;父母三个维度的教养行为在父母敌意和青少年外化问题之间的关系上中介效应显著;与母亲教养的作用相似,父亲教养对于青少年的外化问题同样起着重要的中介作用。 以上的研究结果支持了父母的教养行为在父母敌意影响外化问题过程中起中介作用这样一个结论。
Other AbstractThe adolescent externalizing behavior problem has the negative impact on society, family and adolescents themselves. Therefore, it is an important topic for the adolescent development research. As the two important influential factors of adolescent externalizing behavior problem, parent hostility and parenting have been paid much attention in the last decades. In studies of exploring the relationship of the three variables, some researches found that the mothers` harsh discipline practices were the mediator in the association between mother’s hostility and adolescent externalizing behavior problem. However, the positive parenting has not been examined in previous studies. Most existing studies focus only on mothers. More attention needs to be paid to fathers. Moreover, it is not clear that whether the mediating effect of parenting that was found in children samples could be detected in adolescent sample. In the present study, researcher used the cross-sectional data of 4474 adolescent aged 10-21 of the National Survey of Adolescent Mental Health in China (2008) to investigate the relationship of parent hostility, parenting and adolescent externalizing problems.. Adolescents reported their externalizing problems and parents’ parenting. Parents reported their hostile behaviors. The main findings are as follows: Parent hostility significantly correlated with parenting; both parent hostility and parenting were significantly associated with adolescent externalizing problems; Parental monitoring, inductive reasoning and harshness partially mediated the relations between parent hostility and adolescent externalizing problems. Just like maternal parenting, paternal parenting played an important role in adolescent externalizing behavior problems. The above results supported a conclusion that parenting had a mediating effect on the association between parent hostility and adolescent externalizing behavior problems.
Subject Area发展与教育心理学
Language中文
Document Type学位论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20629
Collection社会与工程心理学研究室
Affiliation中国科学院心理研究所
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
丛晶. 父母的敌意倾向与青少年外化行为问题的关系:家庭教养方式的中介作用[D]. 北京. 中国科学院研究生院,2013.
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