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Inattentional Blindness in 9-to 10-Year-Old Intellectually Gifted Children
Zhang, Hui1,2; Zhang, Xingli1; He, Yunfeng1,2; Shi, Jiannong1,3
2016-10-01
Source PublicationGIFTED CHILD QUARTERLY
ISSN0016-9862
SubtypeArticle
Volume60Issue:4Pages:287-295
AbstractResearchers suggest that while intellectually gifted children might not always display adequate focus on their general life, they perform very well on experimental attentional tasks. The current study used inattentional blindness (IB) paradigm to understand better the attentional abilities of intellectually gifted children. Specifically, we examined whether intellectually gifted children were more able to avoid IB while performing well on certain attentional tasks. An experiment was carried out that involved 44 intellectually gifted and 45 average children. Results showed that intellectually gifted children, whose IB rate was 18.6%, were less susceptible to IB than average children, whose IB rate was 46.5%, (2)(1) = 7.626, p = .006. Intellectually gifted children performed better on the primary attentional tasks than average children when unexpected stimuli occurred. Findings suggest that intellectually gifted children are more likely to maintain attention on current task but are more prone to process additional stimuli. Overall, the present study argues that general intelligence may affect IB.
Keywordinattentional blindness attention intelligence intellectually gifted children
DOI10.1177/0016986216657158
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Key Technologies RD Program(2012BAI36B02) ; Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(KSCX2-EW-J-8) ; Pioneer Initiative of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Feature Institutes Program(TSS-2015-06)
WOS Research AreaEducation & Educational Research ; Psychology
WOS SubjectEducation, Special ; Psychology, Educational
WOS IDWOS:000386037300004
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
WOS KeywordWORKING-MEMORY LOAD ; PERCEPTUAL LOAD ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; SELECTIVE ATTENTION ; VISUAL-ATTENTION ; EYE-MOVEMENTS ; INTELLIGENCE ; TASK ; PERFORMANCE ; SPEED
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20696
Collection认知与发展心理学研究室
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Aalborg Univ, Dept Learning & Philosophy, Aalborg, Denmark
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhang, Hui,Zhang, Xingli,He, Yunfeng,et al. Inattentional Blindness in 9-to 10-Year-Old Intellectually Gifted Children[J]. GIFTED CHILD QUARTERLY,2016,60(4):287-295.
APA Zhang, Hui,Zhang, Xingli,He, Yunfeng,&Shi, Jiannong.(2016).Inattentional Blindness in 9-to 10-Year-Old Intellectually Gifted Children.GIFTED CHILD QUARTERLY,60(4),287-295.
MLA Zhang, Hui,et al."Inattentional Blindness in 9-to 10-Year-Old Intellectually Gifted Children".GIFTED CHILD QUARTERLY 60.4(2016):287-295.
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