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Fearful thinking predicts hypervigilance towards pain-related stimuli in patients with chronic pain
Chun-Hong He1,2; Feng Yu3; Zhao-Cai Jiang1,2; Jin-Yan Wang1; Fei Luo1
第一作者Chun-Hong He
2014
发表期刊Psych Journal
通讯作者邮箱luof@psych.ac.cn.
ISSN2046-0252
卷号3期号:3页码:189-200
摘要Cognitive impairment plays a role in the development and maintenance of chronic pain. Patients with painful disorders are reported to show attentional biases toward pain-related information. However, these findings are controversial, and rarely has any study examined whether chronic pain patients have attentional biases to pain-related conditioned stimuli (CS). In this study, twenty-one patients diagnosed with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) were recruited from the neurosurgical department of a large urban general hospital. Sixteen family members and twenty-one pain-free volunteers were included as two separate control groups. Pain ratings, pain-related anxiety, general anxiety, and depression were measured in all subjects using questionnaires. Two dot probe tests were performed, one that used pictures of painful versus neutral faces as cues, and another that presented three types of CS as cues that predicted certain, uncertain, or no pain. Our results demonstrate that the TN patients showed attentional biases towards painful faces and the CSs that signaled uncertain pain. Moreover, the ratings of negative emotion about their pain conditions correlated significantly with the presence of attentional biases. The patients' close family members, however, displayed biases towards uncertain-pain CS. This study demonstrates that patients with chronic pain have increased attention towards pain-related information, and the fearful thinking about pain was positively correlated with this phenomenon.
关键词Attentional Bias Chronic Pain Dot Probe Task Pain Signal
收录类别其他
语种英语
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20722
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
通讯作者Fei Luo
作者单位1.Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
3.Department of Neurosurgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital of Jinan Military Command, Jinan, Shandong province, China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Chun-Hong He,Feng Yu,Zhao-Cai Jiang,et al. Fearful thinking predicts hypervigilance towards pain-related stimuli in patients with chronic pain[J]. Psych Journal,2014,3(3):189-200.
APA Chun-Hong He,Feng Yu,Zhao-Cai Jiang,Jin-Yan Wang,&Fei Luo.(2014).Fearful thinking predicts hypervigilance towards pain-related stimuli in patients with chronic pain.Psych Journal,3(3),189-200.
MLA Chun-Hong He,et al."Fearful thinking predicts hypervigilance towards pain-related stimuli in patients with chronic pain".Psych Journal 3.3(2014):189-200.
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