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The more the better? A meta-analysis on effects of combined cognitive and physical intervention on cognition in healthy older adults
Zhu, Xinyi1,3; Yin, Shufei2; Lang, Minjia1,3; He, Rongqiao4; Li, Juan1,4
First AuthorZhu, Xinyi
2016-11-01
Source PublicationAGEING RESEARCH REVIEWS
Correspondent Emaillijuan@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1568-1637
SubtypeReview
Volume31Issue:0Pages:67-79
Abstract

Both cognitive intervention and physical exercise benefit cognitive function in older adults. It has been suggested that combined cognitive and physical intervention may induce larger effects than cognitive or physical intervention alone, but existing literature has shown mixed results. This meta-analysis aimed at assessing the efficacy of combined intervention on cognition by comparing combined intervention to control group, cognitive intervention and physical exercise. Eligible studies were controlled trials examining the effects of combined intervention on cognition in older adults without known cognitive impairment. Twenty interventional studies comprising 2667 participants were included. Results showed that the overall effect size for combined intervention versus control group was 0.29 (random effects model, p = 0.001). Compared to physical exercise, combined intervention produced greater effects on overall effect size (0.22, p < 0.01), while no significant difference was found between combined intervention and cognitive intervention. Effects of combined intervention were moderated by age of participants, intervention frequency and setting. The findings suggest that combined intervention demonstrates advantages over control group and physical exercise, while evidence is still lacking for superiority when compared combined intervention to cognitive intervention. More well-designed studies with long follow-ups are needed to clarify the potential unique efficacy of combined intervention for older adults. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KeywordMeta-analysis Combined Intervention Cognitive Intervention Exercise Cognition Healthy Older Adults
DOI10.1016/j.arr.2016.07.003
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31070916 ; CAS/SAFEA International Partnership Program for Creative Research Team(Y2CX131003) ; Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(KLMH2014ZK02) ; State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science ; 31271108 ; 31470998)
WOS Research AreaCell Biology ; Geriatrics & Gerontology
WOS SubjectCell Biology ; Geriatrics & Gerontology
WOS IDWOS:000384862400005
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordRANDOMIZED-CONTROLLED-TRIAL ; AEROBIC EXERCISE ; WORKING-MEMORY ; ALZHEIMERS-DISEASE ; MENTAL ACTIVITY ; FOLLOW-UP ; PERFORMANCE ; DEMENTIA ; RISK ; DECLINE
Citation statistics
Cited Times:25[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20734
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorLi, Juan
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Ctr Aging Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Inst Psychol Chinese, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Hubei Univ, Dept Psychol, Fac Educ, Wuhan, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, State Key Lab Brain & Cognit Sci, Inst Biophys, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhu, Xinyi,Yin, Shufei,Lang, Minjia,et al. The more the better? A meta-analysis on effects of combined cognitive and physical intervention on cognition in healthy older adults[J]. AGEING RESEARCH REVIEWS,2016,31(0):67-79.
APA Zhu, Xinyi,Yin, Shufei,Lang, Minjia,He, Rongqiao,&Li, Juan.(2016).The more the better? A meta-analysis on effects of combined cognitive and physical intervention on cognition in healthy older adults.AGEING RESEARCH REVIEWS,31(0),67-79.
MLA Zhu, Xinyi,et al."The more the better? A meta-analysis on effects of combined cognitive and physical intervention on cognition in healthy older adults".AGEING RESEARCH REVIEWS 31.0(2016):67-79.
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