注意缺陷多动障碍儿童的注意选择和注意抑制
其他题名Attentional Selection and Suppression in Children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
Encong Wang; Li Sun; Meirong Sun; Jing Huang; Ye Tao; Xixi Zhao; Zhanliang Wu; Yulong Ding; Daniel P. Newman; Mark A. Bellgrove; Yufeng Wang; Yan Song
2016
会议名称2016年第一届北京视觉科学会议
会议日期2016-07
会议地点北京
会议主办者中国科学院心理研究所
其他摘要

PURPOSE: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder with prominent impairments in directing and sustaining attention. The current study sought to identify the neurophysiological bases of attention deficits in ADHD, focusing on electroencephalographic (EEG) markers of attentional selection (N2pc) and suppression (PD).
METHODS: EEG data were collected from 135 children with and without ADHD, ages 9–15 years, while they searched for a shape target either in the absence (Experiment 1) or presence (Experiment 2) of a salient-but-irrelevant color distractor.
RESULTS: In Experiment 1, the shape target elicited a smaller N2pc in children with ADHD (n = 38) compared to typically developing (TD) children (n = 36). The smaller N2pc amplitude predicted higher levels of inattentive symptomatology in children with ADHD. Moreover, the target-elicited N2pc was followed by a positivity in the TD children, but not in children with ADHD. In Experiment 2, the salient-but-irrelevant color distractor elicited a smaller PD component in children with ADHD (n = 32) than in TD children (n = 29). The smaller PD predicted higher inattentive symptom severity as well as lower behavioral accuracy in children with ADHD.
CONCLUSIONS: The correlation between N2pc/PD amplitudes and ADHD symptom severity suggests that these signals of attentional selection and suppression may serve as potential candidates for neurophysiological markers of ADHD. Our findings provide a neurophysiological basis for the subjective reports of attention deficits in children with ADHD and highlight the importance of spatial attention impairments in ADHD.

关键词ADHD Selection Suppression N2pc PD
学科领域感知觉心理学
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收录类别其他
语种英语
文献类型会议论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20791
专题心理所主办学术会议_2016年第一届北京视觉科学会议_会议摘要
作者单位1.State Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Learning & IDG/McGovern Institute for Brain Research, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China, 100875,
2.Peking University Sixth Hospital / Institute of Mental Health, Beijing, China,100191
3.National Clinical Research Center for Mental Disorders (Peking University Sixth Hospital), Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Ministry of Health (Peking University), Beijing, China, 100191,
4.Brain and Cognition Laboratory, Department of Psychology, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China, 510275
5.School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia
6.Center for Collaboration and Innovation in Brain and Learning Sciences, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China, 100875
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Encong Wang,Li Sun,Meirong Sun,等. 注意缺陷多动障碍儿童的注意选择和注意抑制[C]. 见:2016年第一届北京视觉科学会议. 北京. 2016-07.http://vision.csp.escience.cn/dct/page/1.
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