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Thematic and taxonomic relations of novel words learned from action and perceptual features
Ding, Jinfeng1,2; Chen, Shuang3; Wang, Lin1; Yang, Yufang1
2017-02-01
发表期刊JOURNAL OF NEUROLINGUISTICS
ISSN0911-6044
文章类型Article
卷号41期号:0页码:70-84
摘要The current study explored whether novel words can be related to pre-existing words in semantic memory via thematic or taxonomic relations. The meaning of the novel words was learned from descriptive actions or perceptual features. In a lexical decision task, the novel words served as primes for their corresponding concepts, taxonomically and thematically related targets. ERP results showed that the taxonomically but not the thematically related words elicited reduced N400s relative to the unrelated words. A control experiment revealed a priming effect between the corresponding concepts and the thematically related words, ruling out the possibility of the inappropriate selection of targets. These results suggest that while adult learners rapidly integrate the learned novel words into semantic network, the taxonomic information is more available than the thematic information for novel words learned from semantic features. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
关键词Word learning Event-related potentials Thematic relation Taxonomic relation Action Perceptual feature
DOI10.1016/j.jneuroling.2016.10.002
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31070989 ; 31200849 ; 61433018)
WOS研究方向Linguistics ; Neurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS类目Linguistics ; Neurosciences ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS记录号WOS:000389114200006
WOS标题词Social Sciences ; Science & Technology ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]EVENT-RELATED POTENTIALS ; SEMANTIC RELATIONS ; LEXICAL-DECISION ; BRAIN ; FMRI ; INFORMATION ; INTEGRATION ; ACTIVATION ; CATEGORIES ; MEANINGS
引用统计
被引频次:2[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20832
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.Inst Psychol, CAS Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
3.Zhejiang Normal Univ, Dept Psychol, Jinhua, Peoples R China
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Ding, Jinfeng,Chen, Shuang,Wang, Lin,et al. Thematic and taxonomic relations of novel words learned from action and perceptual features[J]. JOURNAL OF NEUROLINGUISTICS,2017,41(0):70-84.
APA Ding, Jinfeng,Chen, Shuang,Wang, Lin,&Yang, Yufang.(2017).Thematic and taxonomic relations of novel words learned from action and perceptual features.JOURNAL OF NEUROLINGUISTICS,41(0),70-84.
MLA Ding, Jinfeng,et al."Thematic and taxonomic relations of novel words learned from action and perceptual features".JOURNAL OF NEUROLINGUISTICS 41.0(2017):70-84.
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