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The association between Internet addiction and both impulsivity and effortful control and its variation with age
Wang, Ligang1; Tao, Ting1; Fan, Chunlei1; Gao, Wenbin1; Wei, Chuguang2
First AuthorWang, Ligang
2017
Source PublicationADDICTION RESEARCH & THEORY
Correspondent Emailgaowb@psych.ac.cn
ISSN1606-6359
SubtypeArticle
Volume25Issue:1Pages:83-90
Abstract

Although the association of Internet addiction (IA) with self-regulation has been widely observed in previous studies, its variance with age remains poorly understood. Using dual models of self-regulation, we aimed to test the effects of effortful control and impulsivity on IA and to explore the effect of the interaction between age stage and self-regulation on IA. In this study, 4313 students nested in 100 classes were surveyed using the Internet Addiction Test (IAT), the Dual-Modes of Self-Control Scale (DMSC-S) and a demographic questionnaire. Hierarchical generalized linear models (HGLMs) were then used to test our assumptions. The results indicated that the IA prevalence rate among the surveyed adolescents was 10.9%, and IA was found to be negatively related to the effortful control trait and positively related to the impulsivity trait. Compared with primary school students, middle school students were more likely to be Internet addicts; however, the prevalence of IA among college students was comparable to that among middle school students. A slopes-as-outcome model showed that the association between IA and effort control was stronger among junior high school students than among students in other grade levels, but no grade differences were found in the slopes for impulsivity. We integrate our results with the findings of previous studies and discuss possible theoretical implications.

KeywordInternet addiction impulsivity effortful control age difference
DOI10.1080/16066359.2016.1206082
Indexed BySSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Sciences Foundation of China(31400885) ; Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences(KLMH2014ZG12)
WOS Research AreaSubstance Abuse ; Social Issues
WOS SubjectSubstance Abuse ; Social Issues
WOS IDWOS:000389647200011
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Social Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
WOS KeywordHIGH-SCHOOL-STUDENTS ; DUAL SYSTEMS-MODEL ; SELF-CONTROL ; SUBSTANCE USE ; CHINESE ADOLESCENTS ; SENSATION SEEKING ; RISK-TAKING ; INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES ; INHIBITORY CONTROL ; PARENTING STYLES
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20927
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Corresponding AuthorGao, Wenbin
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Core Facil, Beijing, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Ligang,Tao, Ting,Fan, Chunlei,et al. The association between Internet addiction and both impulsivity and effortful control and its variation with age[J]. ADDICTION RESEARCH & THEORY,2017,25(1):83-90.
APA Wang, Ligang,Tao, Ting,Fan, Chunlei,Gao, Wenbin,&Wei, Chuguang.(2017).The association between Internet addiction and both impulsivity and effortful control and its variation with age.ADDICTION RESEARCH & THEORY,25(1),83-90.
MLA Wang, Ligang,et al."The association between Internet addiction and both impulsivity and effortful control and its variation with age".ADDICTION RESEARCH & THEORY 25.1(2017):83-90.
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