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Individual and culture-level components of survey response styles: A multi-level analysis using cultural models of selfhood
Smith, Peter B.1; Vignoles, Vivian L.1; Becker, Maja2; Owe, Ellinor1; Easterbrook, Matthew J.1; Brown, Rupert1; Bourguignon, David3; Gardarsdottir, Ragna B.4; Kreuzbauer, Robert5,6; Cendales Ayala, Boris7; Yuki, Masaki8; Zhang, Jianxin9; Lv, Shaobo10; Chobthamkit, Phatthanakit11; Jaafar, Jas Laile12; Fischer, Ronald13; Milfont, Taciano L.13; Gavreliuc, Alin14; Baguma, Peter15; Bond, Michael Harris16; Martin, Mariana17; Gausel, Nicolay18; Schwartz, Seth J.19; Des Rosiers, Sabrina E.20; Tatarko, Alexander21; Gonzalez, Roberto22; Didier, Nicolas22; Carrasco, Diego22; Lay, Siugmin22; Nizharadze, George23; Torres, Ana24; Camino, Leoncio24; Abuhamdeh, Sami25; Macapagal, Ma Elizabeth J.26; Koller, Silvia H.27; Herman, Ginette28; Courtois, Marie28; Fritsche, Immo29; Espinosa, Agustin30; Villamar, Juan A.31; Regalia, Camillo32; Manzi, Claudia32; Brambilla, Maria32; Zinkeng, Martina33; Jalal, Baland34; Kusdil, Ersin35; Amponsah, Benjamin36; Caglar, Selinay37; Mekonnen, Kassahun Habtamu38; Moeller, Bettina39; Zhang, Xiao40; Schweiger Gallo, Inge41; Prieto Gil, Paula41; Lorente Clemares, Raquel41; Campara, Gabriella41; Aldhafri, Said42; Fulop, Marta; Pyszczynski, Tom43,46; Kesebir, Pelin44; Harb, Charles45

Variations in acquiescence and extremity pose substantial threats to the validity of cross-cultural research that relies on survey methods. Individual and cultural correlates of response styles when using 2 contrasting types of response mode were investigated, drawing on data from 55 cultural groups across 33 nations. Using 7 dimensions of self-other relatedness that have often been confounded within the broader distinction between independence and interdependence, our analysis yields more specific understandings of both individual- and culture-level variations in response style. When using a Likert-scale response format, acquiescence is strongest among individuals seeing themselves as similar to others, and where cultural models of selfhood favour harmony, similarity with others and receptiveness to influence. However, when using Schwartz's (2007) portrait-comparison response procedure, acquiescence is strongest among individuals seeing themselves as self-reliant but also connected to others, and where cultural models of selfhood favour self-reliance and self-consistency. Extreme responding varies less between the two types of response modes, and is most prevalent among individuals seeing themselves as self-reliant, and in cultures favouring self-reliance. As both types of response mode elicit distinctive styles of response, it remains important to estimate and control for style effects to ensure valid comparisons.

KeywordResponse style Culture Self-construal
Indexed BySSCI
Funding OrganizationEconomic and Social Research Council (ESRC, UK)(RES-062-23-1300) ; ESRC(ES/G015074/1) ; Interdisciplinary Center for Intercultural and Indigenous Studies(FONDAP 15110006) ; Center for Social Conflict and Cohesion Studies(FONDAP 15130009) ; Anillos CONICYT(SOC1103)
WOS Research AreaPsychology
WOS SubjectPsychology, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000389217900007
WOS HeadingsSocial Sciences
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Univ Sussex, Sch Psychol, Brighton BN1 9QH, E Sussex, England
2.Univ Toulouse, CLLE, Toulouse, France
3.Paul Verlaine Univ, Equipe PErSEUs EA 7312, Metz, France
4.Univ Iceland, Dept Psychol, Reykjavik, Iceland
5.Nanyang Technol Univ, Nanyang Business Sch, Dept Mkt & Int Business, Singapore, Singapore
6.Nanyang Technol Univ, Nanyang Business Sch, Inst Asian Consumer Insight, Singapore, Singapore
7.Univ Los Andes, Dept Psychol, Bogota, Colombia
8.Hokkaido Univ, Behav Sci Ctr Expt Res Social Sci, Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan
9.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Beijing, Peoples R China
10.North China Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Psychol, Tangshan, Peoples R China
11.Thammasat Univ, Dept Psychol Lib Sci & Geog, Div Psychol, Bangkok, Thailand
12.Univ Malaya, Dept Educ Psychol & Counseling, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
13.Victoria Univ Wellington, Sch Psychol, Ctr Appl Cross Cultural Res, Wellington, New Zealand
14.West Univ Timisoara, Dept Psychol, Timisoara, Romania
15.Makerere Univ, Sch Psychol, Dept Educ Social & Org Psychol, Kampala, Uganda
16.Hong Kong Polytech Univ, Fac Business, Management & Mkt, Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Peoples R China
17.Univ Namibia, Dept Human Sci, Windhoek, Namibia
18.Univ Agder, Dept Psychosocial Hlth, Kristiansand, Norway
19.Univ Miami, Leonard M Miller Sch Med, Epidemiol & Publ Hlth, Miami, FL USA
20.Barry Univ, Dept Psychol, Miami, FL USA
21.Natl Res Univ, Higher Sch Econ, Dept Psychol, Moscow, Russia
22.Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Sch Psychol, Santiago, Chile
23.Free Univ Tbilisi, Dept Social Sci, Tbilisi, Rep of Georgia
24.Univ Fed Paraiba, Dept Psychol, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba, Brazil
25.Istanbul Sehir Univ, Dept Psychol, Istanbul, Turkey
26.Ateneo Manila Univ, Dept Psychol, Manila, Philippines
27.Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Dept Psychol, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil
28.Catholic Univ Louvain, Psychol Sci Res Inst, Louvain La Neuve, Belgium
29.Univ Leipzig, Inst Psychol, Leipzig, Germany
30.Pontificia Univ Catolica Peru, Dept Psychol, Lima, Peru
31.Northwestern Univ, Dept Psychiat & Behav Sci, Chicago, IL 60611 USA
32.Catholic Univ Milan, Dept Psychol, Milan, Italy
33.Univ Buea, Dept Guidance & Counseling, Buea, Cameroon
34.Univ Cambridge, Dept Psychiat, Cambridge, England
35.Uludag Univ, Dept Psychol, Bursa, Turkey
36.Univ Ghana, Accra, Ghana
37.Ankara Univ, Ankara, Turkey
38.Univ Addis Ababa, Sch Psychol, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
39.Friedrich Schiller Univ Jena, Inst Psychol, Jena, Germany
40.Osaka Univ, Grad Sch Human Sci, Osaka, Japan
41.Univ Complutense Madrid, Dept Psicol Social, Madrid, Spain
42.Sultan Qaboos Univ, Dept Psychol, Muscat, Oman
43.Hungarian Acad Sci, Inst Cognit Neurosci & Psychol, Budapest, Hungary
44.Univ Wisconsin Madison, Ctr Hlth Minds, Madison, WI USA
45.Amer Univ Beirut, Dept Psychol, Beirut, Lebanon
46.Univ Colorado, Dept Psychol, Colorado Springs, CO USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Smith, Peter B.,Vignoles, Vivian L.,Becker, Maja,et al. Individual and culture-level components of survey response styles: A multi-level analysis using cultural models of selfhood[J]. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,2016,51(6):453-463.
APA Smith, Peter B..,Vignoles, Vivian L..,Becker, Maja.,Owe, Ellinor.,Easterbrook, Matthew J..,...&Harb, Charles.(2016).Individual and culture-level components of survey response styles: A multi-level analysis using cultural models of selfhood.INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY,51(6),453-463.
MLA Smith, Peter B.,et al."Individual and culture-level components of survey response styles: A multi-level analysis using cultural models of selfhood".INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY 51.6(2016):453-463.
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