PSYCH OpenIR  > 中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
Self-enhancement among Westerners and Easterners: a cultural neuroscience approach
Cai, Huajian1; Wu, Lili2; Shi, Yuanyuan1; Gu, Ruolei1; Sedikides, Constantine3
2016-10-01
发表期刊Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
ISSN1749-5016
文章类型Article
卷号11期号:10页码:1569-1578
摘要

We adopted a cultural neuroscience approach to the investigation of self-enhancement. Western and Eastern participants made self-referent judgments on positive and negative traits while we recorded their electroencephalography signals. At the judgmental level, we assessed trait endorsement (judgments of traits self-descriptiveness) and reaction times (speed of such judgments). Participants endorsed more positive traits as self-descriptive and more negative traits as non-self-descriptive, although the magnitude of this effect (level of self-positivity) was higher in the Western than Eastern sample. Moreover, all participants responded faster to positive self-descriptive traits and to negative non-self-descriptive traits, indicating that the self-enhancement motive is equally potent across cultures. At the neurophysiological level, we assessed N170 and LPP. Negative traits elicited larger N170 among Easterners, indicating initial allocation of attentional resources to the processing of negative information. However, negative compared to positive self-descriptive traits elicited a larger LPP, whereas negative and positive non-self-descriptive traits did not differ in the LPP they elicited. This pattern generalized across samples, pointing to a pancultural physiological correlate of the self-enhancement motive.

关键词culture ERP self self-enhancement self-referent judgments
DOI10.1093/scan/nsw072
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31200789 ; 31571148)
WOS研究方向Neurosciences & Neurology ; Psychology
WOS类目Neurosciences ; Psychology ; Psychology, Experimental
WOS记录号WOS:000388939700007
WOS标题词Science & Technology ; Social Sciences ; Life Sciences & Biomedicine
关键词[WOS]UNITED-STATES ; BIOELECTRICAL ECHOES ; EMOTIONAL ADJECTIVES ; BRAIN ; INFORMATION ; ATTENTION ; ERP ; MOTIVATION ; STIMULI ; VALENCE
引用统计
被引频次:1[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20939
专题中国科学院行为科学重点实验室
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Behav Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, 16 Lincui Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Univ Southampton, Ctr Res Self & Ident, Southampton, Hants, England
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Cai, Huajian,Wu, Lili,Shi, Yuanyuan,et al. Self-enhancement among Westerners and Easterners: a cultural neuroscience approach[J]. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience,2016,11(10):1569-1578.
APA Cai, Huajian,Wu, Lili,Shi, Yuanyuan,Gu, Ruolei,&Sedikides, Constantine.(2016).Self-enhancement among Westerners and Easterners: a cultural neuroscience approach.Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience,11(10),1569-1578.
MLA Cai, Huajian,et al."Self-enhancement among Westerners and Easterners: a cultural neuroscience approach".Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience 11.10(2016):1569-1578.
条目包含的文件
文件名称/大小 文献类型 版本类型 开放类型 使用许可
Cai_2016_Self-enhanc(360KB)期刊论文作者接受稿限制开放CC BY-NC-SA浏览 请求全文
个性服务
推荐该条目
保存到收藏夹
查看访问统计
导出为Endnote文件
谷歌学术
谷歌学术中相似的文章
[Cai, Huajian]的文章
[Wu, Lili]的文章
[Shi, Yuanyuan]的文章
百度学术
百度学术中相似的文章
[Cai, Huajian]的文章
[Wu, Lili]的文章
[Shi, Yuanyuan]的文章
必应学术
必应学术中相似的文章
[Cai, Huajian]的文章
[Wu, Lili]的文章
[Shi, Yuanyuan]的文章
相关权益政策
暂无数据
收藏/分享
文件名: Cai_2016_Self-enhancement among Westerners and.pdf
格式: Adobe PDF
所有评论 (0)
暂无评论
 

除非特别说明,本系统中所有内容都受版权保护,并保留所有权利。