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Comparison of impulsivity in non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers
Yan, Wan-Sen1,2; Zhang, Ran-Ran1; Lan, Yan1; Li, Yong-Hui2; Sui, Nan2
2016-12-15
发表期刊SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
文章类型Article
卷号6期号:0页码:1-8
摘要

As a non-substance addiction, gambling disorder represents the model for studying the neurobiology of addiction without toxic consequences of chronic drug use. From a neuropsychological perspective, impulsivity is deemed as a potential construct responsible in the onset and development of drug addiction. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between impulsivity and gambling status in young adults with varying severity of gambling. A sample of 1120 college students, equally divided into non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers, were administered multiple measures of impulsivity including the UPPSP Impulsive Behaviors Scale (UPPSP), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), and the Delay-discounting Test (DDT). Compared with non-problem gamblers, both at-risk gamblers and problem gamblers displayed elevated scores on Negative Urgency, Positive Urgency, Motor Impulsiveness, and Attentional Impulsiveness. Problem gamblers showed higher scores than at-risk gamblers on Positive Urgency. Logistic regression models revealed that only Negative Urgency positively predicted both at-risk gambling and problem gambling compared to non-problem gambling. These results suggest that dimensions of impulsivity may be differentially linked to gambling behavior in young adults, with Negative Urgency putatively identified as an important impulsivity-related marker for the development of gambling disorder, which may provide a better understanding of the pathogenesis.

DOI10.1038/srep39233
收录类别SCI ; SSCI
语种英语
项目资助者National Natural Science Foundation of China(31560284) ; Humanity and Social Science Research Project (Youth Foundation) of Ministry of Education of China(14YJC190022) ; Science and Technology Foundation of Guizhou Province(QKH-J-2014-2022)
WOS研究方向Science & Technology - Other Topics
WOS类目Multidisciplinary Sciences
WOS记录号WOS:000390279900001
WOS标题词Science & Technology
关键词[WOS]SUBSTANCE-USE DISORDERS ; ALCOHOL-USE DISORDERS ; PATHOLOGICAL GAMBLERS ; INTERTEMPORAL CHOICE ; INHIBITORY CONTROL ; GAMBLING DISORDER ; WORKING-MEMORY ; HEROIN-ADDICTS ; PERSONALITY ; DEPENDENCE
引用统计
被引频次:3[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20976
专题中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
作者单位1.Guizhou Med Univ, Sch Med Humanitarians, Dept Psychol, Guiyang 550004, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
Yan, Wan-Sen,Zhang, Ran-Ran,Lan, Yan,et al. Comparison of impulsivity in non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2016,6(0):1-8.
APA Yan, Wan-Sen,Zhang, Ran-Ran,Lan, Yan,Li, Yong-Hui,&Sui, Nan.(2016).Comparison of impulsivity in non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,6(0),1-8.
MLA Yan, Wan-Sen,et al."Comparison of impulsivity in non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 6.0(2016):1-8.
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