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Comparison of impulsivity in non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers
Yan, Wan-Sen1,2; Zhang, Ran-Ran1; Lan, Yan1; Li, Yong-Hui2; Sui, Nan2
2016-12-15
Source PublicationSCIENTIFIC REPORTS
ISSN2045-2322
SubtypeArticle
Volume6Issue:0Pages:1-8
Abstract

As a non-substance addiction, gambling disorder represents the model for studying the neurobiology of addiction without toxic consequences of chronic drug use. From a neuropsychological perspective, impulsivity is deemed as a potential construct responsible in the onset and development of drug addiction. The objective of this study was to investigate the associations between impulsivity and gambling status in young adults with varying severity of gambling. A sample of 1120 college students, equally divided into non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers, were administered multiple measures of impulsivity including the UPPSP Impulsive Behaviors Scale (UPPSP), the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale-11 (BIS-11), and the Delay-discounting Test (DDT). Compared with non-problem gamblers, both at-risk gamblers and problem gamblers displayed elevated scores on Negative Urgency, Positive Urgency, Motor Impulsiveness, and Attentional Impulsiveness. Problem gamblers showed higher scores than at-risk gamblers on Positive Urgency. Logistic regression models revealed that only Negative Urgency positively predicted both at-risk gambling and problem gambling compared to non-problem gambling. These results suggest that dimensions of impulsivity may be differentially linked to gambling behavior in young adults, with Negative Urgency putatively identified as an important impulsivity-related marker for the development of gambling disorder, which may provide a better understanding of the pathogenesis.

DOI10.1038/srep39233
Indexed BySCI ; SSCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationNational Natural Science Foundation of China(31560284) ; Humanity and Social Science Research Project (Youth Foundation) of Ministry of Education of China(14YJC190022) ; Science and Technology Foundation of Guizhou Province(QKH-J-2014-2022)
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000390279900001
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology
WOS KeywordSUBSTANCE-USE DISORDERS ; ALCOHOL-USE DISORDERS ; PATHOLOGICAL GAMBLERS ; INTERTEMPORAL CHOICE ; INHIBITORY CONTROL ; GAMBLING DISORDER ; WORKING-MEMORY ; HEROIN-ADDICTS ; PERSONALITY ; DEPENDENCE
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/20976
Collection中国科学院心理健康重点实验室
Affiliation1.Guizhou Med Univ, Sch Med Humanitarians, Dept Psychol, Guiyang 550004, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Psychol, Key Lab Mental Hlth, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yan, Wan-Sen,Zhang, Ran-Ran,Lan, Yan,et al. Comparison of impulsivity in non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers[J]. SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,2016,6(0):1-8.
APA Yan, Wan-Sen,Zhang, Ran-Ran,Lan, Yan,Li, Yong-Hui,&Sui, Nan.(2016).Comparison of impulsivity in non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers.SCIENTIFIC REPORTS,6(0),1-8.
MLA Yan, Wan-Sen,et al."Comparison of impulsivity in non-problem, at-risk and problem gamblers".SCIENTIFIC REPORTS 6.0(2016):1-8.
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