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冲突控制是领域一般性的还是领域特殊性的?
其他题名Is Conflict Control Domain-general or Domain-specific?
向玲1; 高晓琳1; 贾露霞2; 王宝玺1
第一作者向玲
2016
发表期刊心理科学
通讯作者邮箱xiangling1997@126.com
ISSN1671-6981
文章类型期刊论文
卷号39期号:4页码:827-834
产权排序2
摘要

本研究采用整合交叉范式整合了Stroop任务和Simon任务,在双重认知控制的框架下探讨冲突控制是领域一般性的还是领域特殊性的问题。结果发现:序列一致性效应只出现在任务内,不出现于任务间,显示对冲突的反应性控制具有领域特殊性;比例一致性效应不仅出现在同种任务中,而且扩展到不同任务中,显示对冲突的主动性控制具有领域一般性。本研究结果对于理解认知控制的本质和机制具有重要意义。

其他摘要

The proportion congruent (PC) effect and sequential congruent (SC) effect are the two well-known effects associated with conflict control. In the framework of the dual model of cognitive control, the SCE is believed to reflect the reactive control and PCE is believed to reflect the proactive control. An important issue when studying cognitive controls is whether the two cognitive controls are domain-general or domain-specific. The present study used factorial task-crossing designs to combine the color Stroop task and Simon task by presenting the color word at peripheral location, such that each stimulus can be congruent or incongruent with respect to both Stroop and Simon conflict at the same time. Meanwhile, we introduced a proportion congruency manipulation for the Stroop conflict task, whereas the Simon conflict was displayed with the same incongruent-to- congruent ratio.  For the SC effect, we submitted the mean RTs and accurate rates to a 2 ~ 2 x 2 x 2 ANOVA with factors of previous Stroop congruence (congruent, incongruent), previous Simon congruence (congruent, incongruent), current Stroop congruence (congruent, incongruent) and current Simon congruence (congruent, incongruent). The results showed that there was a significant previous Stroop congruence x current Stroop congruence interaction. The two-way interaction between previous Simon congruence and current Simon congruence was also significant. Thus, the within-type SC effect was significant in both the Stroop and the Simon conflicts. However, the Stroop conflict on the previous trial did not interact with the Simon conflict on the current trial and the Simon congruence on the previous trial did not interact significantly with the Stroop congruence on the current trial. There was no evidence for across-type conflict adaptation, suggesting that the reactive control reflected by the SC effect is domain-specific.  For the PC effect, we carried out a 2 × 2 × 2 repeated measure ANOVA with mean RTs and accurate rates, with the proportion congruency (mostly congruent, mostly incongruent), the current Stroop congruency (congruent, incongruent) and the current Simon congruency (congruent, incongruent) as within participants factors. The proportion congruency by the current Stroop congruency was significant. The analysis also revealed a significant interaction between the proportion congruency and the current Simon congruency. The two interactions were mainly mediated by faster responses to the incongruent trial in a mostly incongruent context compared to a mostly congruent context. The PC effect on the two tasks showed that the proaetive cognitive control reflected by PCE was domain general.  The present data provide the evidences to support the dual model of control, one reactive and one proactive. The results have important implications to understanding the mechanism underlying cognitive control.

关键词认知控制 主动性控制 主动性控制 序列一致性效应 比例一致性效应
学科领域社会心理学
DOI10.16719/j.cnki.1671-6981.20160410
URL查看原文
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者国家自然科学基金地区科学基金项目(31560282)、江西省社会科学规划项目(14JY32)和江西省博士后科研项目(2015KY60)的资助
CSCD记录号CSCD:5801032
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21009
专题继续教育学院
通讯作者向玲
作者单位1.江西师范大学心理学院
2.中国科学院心理研究所
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
向玲,高晓琳,贾露霞,等. 冲突控制是领域一般性的还是领域特殊性的?[J]. 心理科学,2016,39(4):827-834.
APA 向玲,高晓琳,贾露霞,&王宝玺.(2016).冲突控制是领域一般性的还是领域特殊性的?.心理科学,39(4),827-834.
MLA 向玲,et al."冲突控制是领域一般性的还是领域特殊性的?".心理科学 39.4(2016):827-834.
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