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Alternative TitleRelation Between Exam Trait Anxiety and Pre - exam State Anxiety and the Mediating Effect of Self - regulatory Fatigue
张云刚1,2; 王利刚1; 高文斌1
First Author张云刚
Source Publication中国全科医学
Correspondent Emailgaowb@ psych. ac. cn
Contribution Rank1

目的探讨特质考试焦虑与考前状态焦虑的关系,并检验自我调节疲劳在特质考试焦虑和考前状态焦虑间的作用。方法采取整群抽样的方法,分两次抽取内蒙古包头市某一重点高中毕业班和非毕业班的学生。2014年5月29—30日抽取2011级临近高考(高考时间为2014年6月7—8日)的高三9个班的学生444名,回收有效问卷257份,有效回收率为57.9%。2014年10月7—8日抽取2014级即将参加入学后第一次月考(月考时间为2014年10月9—10日)的高一7个班的学生365名,回收有效问卷357份,有效回收率为97.8%。运用状态-特质考试焦虑问卷(STAI)中的状态焦虑量表(SAI)、考试焦虑量表(TAI)及自我调节疲劳量表(SRF-S)分别对学生的考前状态焦虑、特质考试焦虑和自我调节疲劳进行评分。对特质考试焦虑、考前状态焦虑及自我调节疲劳三者间的关系进行Pearson相关分析、调节作用和中介作用分析。结果 TAI评分为(36.4±9.5)分、SAI评分为(44.4±10.0)分、SRF-S评分为(48.3±10.2)分。TAI评分与SAI评分、SRF-S评分呈正相关(r=0.516、0.520,P〈0.05);SAI评分与SRF-S评分呈正相关(r=0.608,P〈0.05)。SRF在特质考试焦虑与考前状态焦虑间的调节作用不显著(ΔR^2=-0.100)。SRF在特质考试焦虑和考前状态焦虑间的中介作用显著(P〈0.05),中介作用占总效应的38.6%。结论特质考试焦虑通过导致学生自我调节疲劳,而后出现考前状态焦虑,故需对特质考试焦虑学生加以关注。

Other Abstract

Objective To investigate the relation between exam trait anxiety and pre - exam state anxiety and examine the role of self - regulatory fatigue in the process of exam trait anxiety transforming to pre - exam state anxiety. Methods By cluster sampling method,we selected graduation students and non - graduation students from a key senior high school in Baotou City of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region. On May 29 and 30 in 2014,we selected 444 students from 9 classes of Grade 3 who would soon attend the college entrance examination(June 7 and 8 in 2014)and collected 257 effective questionnaires from them with an effective rate of 57. 9%. On October 7 and 8 in 2014,we selected 365 students from 7 classes of Grade 1 who would soon attend the first monthly exam(October 9 and 10 in 2014)after entry,and collected 357 effective questionnaires from them with an effective rate of 97. 8%. State Anxiety Inventory subscale(SAI)and Test Anxiety Inventory(TAI)of State - Trait Anxiety Inventory(STAI),and Self - Regulatory Fatigue Scale(SRF-S)were employed to evaluate the pre - exam state anxiety,exam trait anxiety and self - regulatory fatigue. Pearson correlation analysis was conducted on the relation among exam trait anxiety,pre- exam state anxiety and self - regulatory fatigue,and the regulatory effect and mediating effect of self - regulatory fatigue were analyzed. Results The scores of TAI,SAI and SRF-S were(36. 4 ±9. 5),(44. 4 ±10. 0)and(48. 3 ±10. 2)respectively. There was positive correlation between the score of TAI and the scores of SAI and SRF-S(r = 0. 516,0. 520;P 〈 0. 05),and there was positive correlation between SAI score and SRF-S score( r = 0. 608,P 〈 0. 05). SRF did not have significant regulatory effect on exam trait anxiety and pre - exam state anxiety(ΔR^2 = - 0. 100). SRF had significant mediating effect on the relation between exam trait anxiety and pre - exam state anxiety(P 〈 0. 05),and the mediating effect accounted for 38. 6% in the total effect. Conclusion Exam trait anxiety causes self - regulatory fatigue in students, hence inducing pre - exam state anxiety. Therefore,students with exam trait anxiety should be given more attention and care.

Keyword焦虑 考前状态焦虑 特质考试焦虑 自我调节疲劳
Subject Area健康心理学
Indexed ByCSCD
Funding Organization国家自然科学基金资助项目(31400885) ; 国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAI36B01) ; 中国科学院心理健康重点实验室经费资助项目(Klmh2014ZG12)
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding Author高文斌
First Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS;  Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationKey Laboratory of Mental Health, CAS
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
张云刚,王利刚,高文斌. 从特质考试焦虑到考前状态焦虑:自我调节疲劳的中介作用[J]. 中国全科医学,2016,19(12):1458-1461.
APA 张云刚,王利刚,&高文斌.(2016).从特质考试焦虑到考前状态焦虑:自我调节疲劳的中介作用.中国全科医学,19(12),1458-1461.
MLA 张云刚,et al."从特质考试焦虑到考前状态焦虑:自我调节疲劳的中介作用".中国全科医学 19.12(2016):1458-1461.
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