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河北城中村儿童心理韧性人格特质对学校态度的影响
Alternative TitlePsychological resilience mediate the relation between personality traits and school attitude of urban village children
刘海宁1,2; 李峰3,4; 韩布新2; 李晓敏1
First Author刘海宁
Correspondent Emailhanbx@psych.ac.cn
2016
Source Publication中国学校卫生
ISSN1000-9817
Subtype期刊论文
Volume37Issue:3Pages:364-367
Contribution Rank2
Abstract

目的考察城中村儿童人格特质、心理韧性与学校态度之间的关系,为我国城镇化建设与教育改革中打造儿童健康成长环境服务提供参考。方法采用多阶段整群抽样选取721名河北省四至六年级城中村儿童,采用青少年小五人格问卷、青少年心理韧性量表和学校态度量表测查儿童人格特质、心理韧性和学校态度。结果城中村儿童积极人格因子(包括外向性、宜人性、谨慎性和开放性)和个人力、支持力均与学校喜欢呈正相关(r值分别为0.40,0.39,0.42,0.33,0.39,0.24,P值均〈0.01),积极人格因子(包括外向性、宜人性、谨慎性)和个人力、支持力与学校回避呈负相关(r值分别为-0.11,-0.15,-0.16,-0.19,-0.16,P值均〈0.01),消极人格因子(情绪性)与学校回避呈正相关(r=0.13,P〈0.01)。结构方程建模表明,心理韧性部分中介积极人格与学校喜欢之间的关系,中介效应值为0.14(P〈0.01)。完全中介消极人格与学校回避之间的关系中介效应值为0.07(P〈0.01)。结论城中村儿童的心理韧性与人格特质、学校态度高度相关,不同人格类型对学校态度有预测作用,且受心理韧性的中介。

Other Abstract

Objective To investigate the relationships among personality traits, psychological resilience and school attitude in urban village children and to provide empirical supports for policy making in urbanization and education reformation. Methods A total of 721 urban village pupils in grade 4, 5, 6 were recruited from Hebei province with multi-stage cluster sampling method.The Small Five Personality Questionnaire, Resilience Scale for Chinese Adolescents and School Attitude Scale were used to assess personal traits, psychological resilience and school attitude. Results The positive personality factors score( including extraversion, agreeableness, conservatism, and openness), individual power and supportive were positively correlated with school like score( r = 0. 40, 0. 39, 0. 42, 0. 33, 0. 39, 0. 24, P〈  0. 01). Whereas the positive personality factors score( including extraversion, agreeableness, conservatism), individual power, and supportive were negatively correlated with the school avoidance score( r =- 0. 11,- 0. 15,- 0. 16,- 0. 19,- 0. 16, P〈  0. 01), but negative personality including neuroticism was positively correlated( r = 0. 13, P〈  0. 01). Structural equation model showed that psychological resilience partly mediated relationship between positive personality and school like, while totally mediated relationship between negative personality and school avoidance, and the mediation effect was 0. 14 and 0. 07 respectively( P〈  0. 01). Conclusion There are significant correlations between school attitude,personality traits, and psychological resilience among urban village children. Personality types can predict school attitude, and psychological resilience works as mediator between the above two variables.

Keyword精神卫生 人格 儿童
Subject Area儿童心理学
Indexed By其他
Language中文
Funding Organization河北省教育厅人文社会科学基金项目(SQ151162) ; 河北省社会科学基金项目(HB13JY055)
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21043
Collection健康与遗传心理学研究室
Corresponding Author韩布新
Affiliation1.承德医学院心理学系
2.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康院重点实验室
3.江西财经大学统计学院
4.江西财经大学应用统计研究中心
First Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Corresponding Author AffilicationInstitute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
刘海宁,李峰,韩布新,等. 河北城中村儿童心理韧性人格特质对学校态度的影响[J]. 中国学校卫生,2016,37(3):364-367.
APA 刘海宁,李峰,韩布新,&李晓敏.(2016).河北城中村儿童心理韧性人格特质对学校态度的影响.中国学校卫生,37(3),364-367.
MLA 刘海宁,et al."河北城中村儿童心理韧性人格特质对学校态度的影响".中国学校卫生 37.3(2016):364-367.
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