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患者的药物颜色偏好
胡鑫1; 张腾霄2; 肖春曲1; 谢敬聃2; 王妍3
第一作者胡鑫
2016
发表期刊心理科学
通讯作者邮箱dr_xiejd@126.com
ISSN1671-6981
文章类型期刊论文
期号6页码:1508-1513
摘要

本研究比较了患者的一般颜色与药物颜色偏好的不同,探究患者对药物颜色的态度及服药时间对二者的影响。通过对699名患者的调查发现,其一般颜色偏好仍是蓝、红、绿、紫、黄,但药物颜色偏好紫色。与深色相比,患者更偏好浅色药物。患者认为药物颜色的作用主要是区分药物种类,而且服药时间越久,对这种功能的需求越强。这些结果支持了生态效价理论,并有很重要的实用价值。药物颜色偏好的其它影响因素和心理效应是未来研究的方向

其他摘要

This research compares the differences between general color preference and the preference of pills for patients. The attitude of patients towards the color of pills, and the influence of administration time are also explored. The participants were 699 adults (352 female, 347 male) who were selected randomly from the patients in a hospital. The age of the participants ranges from 18 to 66 and the mean age is 43.25 ± 12.11. The questionnaire used in the survey included three parts. The first part was for demographic information and medical history. The second parts asked the participants to score their general color preferences on an 11-point scale. The third part asked them whether the medicine color was necessary and their specific attitude on a 5-point scale (e.g., “Do you think the medicine should be colored?”), and their preference of 24 colored pills on a 11-point scale (including 4 aspects: “how much do you like it?”, “what do you think about the effect?”, “what do you think about the safety?”, “what do you think about the taste”). It is found that the general color preference of the patients is the same as that of other population investigated by previous studies. The exact order is still blue (5.48 ± 3.07), red (5.29 ± 2.99), green (5.27 ± 2.96), violet (5.02 ± 3.01), and yellow (4.74 ± 3.06). However, in terms of the color for the pills, the order changes. The sequence of preference for the pill colors is white (7.43 ± 2.05), violet (7.25 ± 2.01), red (6.98 ± 2.15), blue (6.42 ± 2.45), yellow (6.41 ± 2.41), green (6.25 ± 2.55), and black (2.42 ± 1.98). Participants also prefer lighter colors of pills when the hue remains, considering them as more effective, safer and better in taste. Furthermore, 3 levels of luminance were set for the colors red and yellow. The pills are more preferred as the color becomes lighter. The participants also agree that medicine should be colorful, and different medicines should have different colors. They report that the color of medicine can help them to distinguish different kinds of medicine, remember the time and amount of medicine they should take, and improve their emotions while taking medicine. Specifically, distinguishing different kinds of medicine gets the highest scores, indicating that this function of medicine colors is the most important. Administration time is a factor of this preference. The patients who have taken medicine for a longer time agree more that the medicine should be colored, compared with the new patients. The longer patients take the medicine, the eager they are for this function, especially when the administration time is longer than half a year. There is no significant interaction effect between administration time and the preference order of the pills’ color, showing that this order of preference is not affected by administration time. These results support the ecological valence theory of color preference. People do not like blue medicine because it might be toxic as a special kind of food one eats. Violet is preferred for making the medicine seem more expensive and relieving the anxiety of patients. Light colors are more popular for both general colors and medicine colors. Higher luminance would promote emotional experiences, and deep colors might indicate the metamorphism of the medicine. These findings are also of important practicability. Colors can help the patients to manage their medical behavior and avoid accidents, especially for the long time taker. Other factors for the color preference of pills and the psychological effect of medicine color are the directions for future research.

关键词药物 颜色 偏好 服药时间
学科领域认知心理学
DOI10.16719/j.cnki.1671-6981.20160634
收录类别CSCD
语种中文
项目资助者江苏高校哲学社会科学重点研究基地重大基金资助项目(2015jdxm001)的资助
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.psych.ac.cn/handle/311026/21045
专题认知与发展心理学研究室
通讯作者谢敬聃
作者单位1.南京大学社会学院心理学系
2.中国人民解放军总医院
3.中国科学院心理研究所心理健康重点实验室
推荐引用方式
GB/T 7714
胡鑫,张腾霄,肖春曲,等. 患者的药物颜色偏好[J]. 心理科学,2016(6):1508-1513.
APA 胡鑫,张腾霄,肖春曲,谢敬聃,&王妍.(2016).患者的药物颜色偏好.心理科学(6),1508-1513.
MLA 胡鑫,et al."患者的药物颜色偏好".心理科学 .6(2016):1508-1513.
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